TITLE

Effects of a free school breakfast programme on school attendance, achievement, psychosocial function, and nutrition: a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial

AUTHOR(S)
Mhurchu, Cliona Ni; Turley, Maria; Gorton, Delvina; Jiang, Yannan; Michie, Jo; Maddison, Ralph; Hattie, John
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p738
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Approximately 55,000 children in New Zealand do not eat breakfast on any given day. Regular breakfast skipping has been associated with poor diets, higher body mass index, and adverse effects on children's behaviour and academic performance. Research suggests that regular breakfast consumption can improve academic performance, nutrition and behaviour. This paper describes the protocol for a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial of a free school breakfast programme. The aim of the trial is to determine the effects of the breakfast intervention on school attendance, achievement, psychosocial function, dietary habits and food security. Methods/Design: Sixteen primary schools in the North Island of New Zealand will be randomised in a sequential stepped wedge design to a free before-school breakfast programme consisting of non-sugar coated breakfast cereal, milk products, and/or toast and spreads. Four hundred children aged 5-13 years (approximately 25 per school) will be recruited. Data collection will be undertaken once each school term over the 2010 school year (February to December). The primary trial outcome is school attendance, defined as the proportion of students achieving an attendance rate of 95% or higher. Secondary outcomes are academic achievement (literacy, numeracy, self-reported grades), sense of belonging at school, psychosocial function, dietary habits, and food security. A concurrent process evaluation seeks information on parents', schools' and providers' perspectives of the breakfast programme. Discussion: This randomised controlled trial will provide robust evidence of the effects of a school breakfast programme on students' attendance, achievement and nutrition. Furthermore the study provides an excellent example of the feasibility and value of the stepped wedge trial design in evaluating pragmatic public health intervention programmes. Trial Registration Number: Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) - ACTRN12609000854235
ACCESSION #
57223792

 

Related Articles

  • School breakfasts beneficial for student health, education. Currie, Donya // Nation's Health;May/Jun2013, Vol. 43 Issue 4, p1 

    The article reports that ensuring that students from poor families have access to a nutritious breakfast can help to improve their health, academic success and long-term future, according to a national analysis by the No Kid Hungry campaign in the United States. Anne Arundel County,...

  • FORMING GOOD HABITS: NUTRITION FOR KIDS. Rubin, Karen Wilk // FoodService Director;8/15/2002, Vol. 15 Issue 8, p52 

    Provides information on the nutritional needs of children in the U.S. for growth and development. Role of parents, teachers and foodservice directors in encouraging school children to eat nutritious foods; Benefits of school breakfast programs; Food guide pyramid for children; Causes of obesity...

  • Should American Children Go Hungry?  // American Journal of Public Health;Dec1971, Vol. 61 Issue 12, p2335 

    The author reflects on the U.S. governments lack of action to address the problem on hunger among American school children. He comments that despite the promises of the Administration to banish hunger, a wide gap continue to exist between promises and performance. He also remarks that the...

  • Nursery Food: Breakfast clubs - Rise and shine!  // Nursery World (Haymarket Business Publications Ltd);10/21/2013, Vol. 112 Issue 4330, p61 

    The article focuses on the popularity of breakfast clubs in early years education and care in Great Britain. According to the author, as food inflation increases and family incomes declines, parents are becoming reliant on breakfast clubs to feed their children. The British government has...

  • Food For Thought. Tokofsky, David // American School Board Journal;Jun2008, Vol. 195 Issue 6, p25 

    The author discusses the role of school food service programs in school budgets. He suggests that school board members do not appreciate the importance of food services in generating federal revenue, contributing to student achievement and ensuring student health. He comments that nutrition,...

  • What turns breakfast on.  // FoodService Director;11/15/98, Vol. 11 Issue 11, p80 

    Reports on recent executive summary indicating that United States' low-income elementary school students are significantly more likely to eat breakfast when the School Breakfast Program is available to them.

  • Full Stomachs Equal Full Minds in Illinois.  // Food Management;Mar2005, Vol. 40 Issue 3, p16 

    Reports on the introduction of a new law which requires schools to implement a breakfast program for students in Illinois. Coverage of the law; Challenges faced by the state in the implementation of the law; Requirements of the school breakfast program.

  • School Nutrition Programs and the Incidence of Childhood Obesity. Millimet, Daniel L.; Tchernis, Rusty; Husain, Muna // Journal of Human Resources;Summer2010, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p640 

    Given the recent rise in childhood obesity, the School Breakfast Program (SBP) and National School Lunch Program (NSLP) have received renewed attention. Using panel data on more than 13,500 primary school students, we assess the relationship between SBP and NSLP participation and (relatively)...

  • A little food goes a long way.  // American Teacher;May/Jun2013, Vol. 97 Issue 5, p7 

    The article emphasizes the benefits of expanding the school breakfast program was shown in a new report from the No Kid Hungry campaign and Deloitte. The authors of the report demonstrate the connection of food insecurity in early childhood with impaired brain development, lower academic...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics