TITLE

Marital status and educational level associated to obesity in Greek adults: data from the National Epidemiological Survey

AUTHOR(S)
Tzotzas, Themistoklis; Vlahavas, George; Papadopoulou, Sousana K; Kapantais, Efthymios; Kaklamanou, Daphne; Hassapidou, Maria
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p732
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Obesity is an important public health issue and its prevalence is reaching epidemic proportions in both developed and developing countries. The aim of the present study was to determine associations of overweight (OW), obesity (OB) and abdominal obesity (AO) with marital status and educational level in Greek adults of both genders based on data from the National Epidemiological Survey on the prevalence of obesity. Methods: The selection was conducted by stratified sampling through household family members of Greek children attending school during 2003. A total of 17,341 Greek men and women aged from 20 to 70 years participated in the survey and had anthropometric measurements (height, weight, and waist circumference) for the calculation of prevalence of OW, OB and AO. WHO cut-offs were used to define overweight and obesity categories. Waist circumference of more than 102 cm in men and 88 cm in women defined AO. Marital status and educational level were recorded using a specially designed questionnaire and were classified into 4 categories. Results: The overall prevalence of OB was 22.3% (25.8% in men, 18.4% in women), that of OW 35.2% (41.0% in men, 29.8% in women) and that of AO 26.4% in men and 35.9% in women. Ahigher risk of OB was found in married men (OR: 2.28; 95% CI: 1.85-2.81) and married women (OR: 2.31; 95% CI: 1.73-3.10) than in the respective unmarried ones. Also, a higher risk of AO was found in married men (OR: 3.40; 95% CI: 2.86-4.03) and in married women (OR: 2.40; 95% CI 2.00-2.88) compared to unmarried ones. The risk for being obese was lower among educated women (primary school, OR: 0.76; 95% CI: 0.60-0.96, high school, OR: 0.58; 95% CI: 0.46-0.74 and University, OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.49-0.81) than among illiterates. No significant differences were found among men. Conclusions: In Greek adults, marital status was significantly associated with obesity and abdominal obesity status in both genders while educational level was inversely associated with obesity status only in women.
ACCESSION #
57223598

 

Related Articles

  • Gender, Marital Status, and Body Weight in Older U.S. Adults. Sobal, Jeffery; Rauschenbach, Barbara S. // Gender Issues;Summer2003, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p75 

    Marital terminations are life transitions that may lead to changes in diet, activity, and body weight. This investigation examined how marital status was associated with relative body weight, underweight, overweight, and obesity among men and women in the United States using cross-sectional...

  • The Skinny on Success: Body Mass, Gender and Occupational Standing Across the Life Course. Glass, Christy M.; Haas, Steven A.; Reither, Eric N. // Social Forces;Jun2010, Vol. 88 Issue 4, p1777 

    Several studies have analyzed the impact of obesity on occupational standing. This study extends previous research by estimating the influence of body mass on occupational attainment over three decades of the career using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. In a series of covariance...

  • Fat levels stabilise.  // HealthEX Specialist;Feb2008, Issue 15, p4 

    The article shows that while more than a third of adult Americans are obese, the number is no longer rising, according to the latest statistics from the U.S. Centres for Disease Control & Prevention. The factors that contributed to the slowdown included growing public awareness of the dangers of...

  • America is fat! Sedgwick, John // Self;Jan95, Vol. 17 Issue 1, p82 

    Focuses on the increase in the number of obese Americans. Health hazards of obesity; Health care expenses imposed by overweight individuals; Factors attributable to obesity; Failure of national efforts to lose weight such as Nutri/System and Optifast; National demonization of fat as a reflection...

  • Screening for and Management of Obesity in Adults. CROSWELL, JENNIFER; LUGER, SHELLY // American Family Physician;11/15/2012, Vol. 86 Issue 10, p947 

    The article presents questions and answers related to a case report of a 40-year-old female patient with obesity.

  • Obesity in Britain: Gluttony or sloth? Prentice, Andrew M.; Jebb, Susan A. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);8/12/95, Vol. 311 Issue 7002, p437 

    Explores the impact of high-fat diet and low physical activity on the prevalence of clinical obesity in Great Britain. Department of Health statistics; Susceptibility to obesity; Evidence implicating gluttony and sloth; Recommendations to address the problems.

  • Do childhood social circumstances affect overweight and obesity in early adulthood? Kestilä, Laura; Rahkonen, Ossi; Martelin, Tuija; Lahti-Koski, Marjaana; Koskinen, Seppo // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Mar2009, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p206 

    Aims: The aim of the study was to examine the association of childhood circumstances with overweight and obesity in early adulthood, to analyse whether the respondent's education and current circumstances mediate these associations, and to explore whether the respondent's health behaviour...

  • Cutting remarks. Clarkson, Duncan // Nursing Standard;5/19/2004, Vol. 18 Issue 36, p23 

    Presents the views of clinical experts and medical professionals concerning the proposed surgery for the overweight in Great Britain and the U.S. Prevalence of obesity; Importance of health warnings on food, education and parental support; Reasons why people over-eat; Counseling services.

  • Health promotion strategies for obese patients. Miller, Wayne C. // Healthy Weight Journal;May/Jun97, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p47 

    Discusses intervention strategies for promoting health in obese persons. Ineffectiveness of diet programs; Absence of evidence linking reduced mortality to weight loss; Behavioral self-monitoring; Exercise; Food intake; Psychologic component of intervention plan.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics