To what extent could performance-based schemes help increase the effectiveness of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs in resource-limited settings? a summary of the published evidence
- HIV-1 cord-blood seroprevalence of parturient women in Sihanoukville, Cambodia. Theng, T.; Sok, P.; Pugatch, D.; Harwell, J.I.; Rufner, K. M.; Chhi Mean, V.; Mayer, K. H.; Cu-Uvin, S. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jun2004, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p419
Facing a 1.2% HIV-1 seroprevalence amongst its adult female population, Cambodia recently established national guidelines for the expansion of services to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Anticipating this expansion, Sihanoukville Hospital performed an anonymous HIV-1 cord-blood serosurvey...
- Perinatal Transmission rate of HIV Infection in Amritsar (Punjab). Jindal, N.; Aggarwal, A. // Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Apr2006, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p146
Presents a study on the perinatal transmission rate of HIV infection and the various risk factors influencing the transmission in Amritsar, India. Risk factors associated with perinatal transmission of HIV; Controversy in the prevention of transmission by elective caesarian section; Percentage...
- HIV: The babies who escape. Glausiusz, Josie // New Scientist;4/16/94, Vol. 142 Issue 1921, p38
Discusses the maternal-fetal transmission of AIDS and presents theories on why some babies born of HIV-positive mothers do not get infected. Transmission of the virus through lesions in the trophoblast layer; Absorption of the virus together with the mother's antibodies through the placenta;...
- Antiretroviral Therapy in Pregnancy: A Focus on Safety. Taylor, G.P.; Low-Beer, N. // Drug Safety;Jul2001, Vol. 24 Issue 9, p683
Antiretroviral compounds differ from most other new pharmaceutical agents in that they have become widely prescribed in pregnancy in the absence of proof of safety. They are prescribed for the treatment of the mother and to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to the fetus. In the animal...
- Perinatal HIV transmission higher than expected. // Infectious Disease News;Dec2013, Vol. 26 Issue 12, p18
The article discusses research into perinatal mother-to-child transmission of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and references a study by University of Texas Medical School researcher Gabriela Del Bianco and colleagues showing transmission rate is three times higher than standard of care.
- How do kids get HIV? // Current Science;3/3/95, Vol. 80 Issue 13, p6
Discusses how children can contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Exposure of babies to their HIV-infected mothers' bodily fluids; Blood transfusion; Contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person; Mechanism by which HIV infects a human cell.
- Route of HIV Transmission and Disease Progression in Children. // American Family Physician;4/1/1995, Vol. 51 Issue 5, p1258
Reports on an article by Frederick and associates published in the December 1994 issue of `Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal' analyzing the relationship between progression of HIV infection to AIDS and mortality rates according to risk group and route of virus transmission in children.
- Distinct Risk Factors for Intrauterine and Intrapartum Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission... Kuhn, Louise; Steketee, Richard W.; Weedon, Jeremy; Abrams, Elaine J.; Lambert, Genevieve; Bamji, Marukh; Schoenbaum, Ellie; Farley, John; Nesheim, Steve R.; Palumbo, Paul; Simonds, R.J.; Thea, Donald M. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;1/1/99, Vol. 179 Issue 1, p52
Investigates the predictors and prognosis of intrauterine and intrapartum HIV transmission and consequences for disease progression in infected children. Association of the inferred timing of transmission with disease progression; Specificity of maternal and perinatal factors for either...
- Reduction of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection: non-pharmaceutical interventions and their implementation. Gibb, Diana M // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Dec1998 Supplement 1, Vol. 9, p19
The article discusses the study on mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection conducted in Great Britain. It focuses on the effect of place of antenatal interview and the time of uptake on the acceptance of testing. Moreover, it also examines the cost effectiveness of the alternative...