Clinical and Epidemiological Survey of Bovine Digital Dermatitis in the Republic of Bulgaria in 2005-2009

Lyutskanov, Mihni; Marutsov, Plamen
July 2010
Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences & Veterinary;2010, Vol. 67 Issue 2, p136
Academic Journal
The present survey presents data from 5-year observations of bovine digital dermatitis in the Republic of Bulgaria. Thirty six farms from 16 regions were surveyed. A total of 10,513 animals were included in the study. The epidemiological analysis demonstrated an imported disease with a marked contagious nature. The highest incidence was observed during the first 3 to 6 months after the epidimization of the farm. The disease is encountered all year round, but with higher prevalence during the wet arid cold months. Dairy cows and heifers were most commonly affected after their introduction in the herd and especially after calving. The infection affects more frequently the hindlimbs and that is attributed to a number of predisposing factors in surveyed farms. At the beginning of epidimization, erosive lesions were predominating, whereas in stationary infection foci, proliferative and regressive lesions gradually became dominant.


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