Supervised Walking Groups to Increase Physical Activity in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

November 2010
Diabetes Care;Nov2010, Vol. 33 Issue 11, p2333
Academic Journal
OBJECTIVE-- To evaluate the impact of an exercise program organized into supervised walking groups in subjects with type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS-- Fifty-nine diabetic subjects were randomized to a control group receiving standard lifestyle recommendations or an intervention group assigned to three supervised walking sessions per week and counseling. Changes in metabolic features, weight, 6-min walk test, prescription of anti-diabetic medications, and overall physical activity were assessed. RESULTS -- Functional capacity and overall physical activity were higher in the intervention group, whereas metabolic changes were not different between groups after 4 months. However, in subjects who attended at least 50°,6 of scheduled walking sessions, changes in A1C and fasting glucose were greater than in control subjects. Discontinuation or reduction of anti-diabetic drugs occurred in 33% of these patients versus 5% of control subjects (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS-- Supervised walking may be beneficial in diabetic subjects, but metabolic improvement requires adequate compliance.


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