McKay, Alexander
December 2000
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;2000, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p259
Academic Journal
This instalment of "Sex Research Update" summarizes recent research on the use of copper IUDs and the risk of tubal infertility; dating violence against adolescent girls and associated health risk behaviours; correlates and developmental trends related to first intercourse; effectiveness of an HIV transmission risk reduction intervention for people living with HIV. It has long been believed that intrauterine devices (IUDs) cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and subsequently lead to tubal infertility. Studies that indicated an association between IUDs and PID lead to the withdrawal of many IUDs from the North American market. The authors conducted a case-control study of 1895 women recruited from 3 hospitals in Mexico City. The sample was divided into three groups: infertile women with tubal occlusion, infertile women without tubal occlusion, and primigravid women. Study subjects provided a range of information including sexual behavior, contraceptive use, including copper IUDs, and history of STD. Results of the data analysis indicated that previous use of a copper IUD was not associated with an increased risk of tubal occlusion when the analyses included the tubal occlusion group and either the infertile or pregnant controls.


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