TITLE

Bispektral İndeks Monitörizasyonu Eşliğinde Azot Protoksitli ve Azot Protoksitsiz Düşük Akımlı Anestezi: Hemodinami, Derlenme, Volatil Anestezik Tüketimi ve Maliyet Üzerine

AUTHOR(S)
Köksal, Bengü Gülhan; Hancı, Volkan; Erdoğan, Gülay; Yurtlu, Bülent Serhan; Okyay, Rahşan Dilek; Ayoğlu, Hilal; Turan, Işıl Özkoçak
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
Medical Bulletin of Haseki / Haseki Tip Bulteni;Dec2010, Vol. 48 Issue 4, p132
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim: In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of desflurane- N2O and desflurane-fentanyl combinations on hemodynamics, recovery times, volatile anesthetic consumption and costs in low-flow desflurane anesthesia by bispectral index (BIS) monitoring of depth of anesthesia. Methods: After approval of ethics committee and obtaining patient consents, 60 patients were divided into two equal groups randomly. Non-invasive blood pressure measurement, ECG, SpO2 and BIS were monitored. All patients received 10 L .min-1 100% oxygen with mask for 5 minute before intubation. 2 mg.kg-1 propofol, 2 μg.kg-1 fentanyl and 0.6 mg.kg-1 rocuronium bromide were administered at induction in both groups. Desfluran 6% was chosen for anesthesia maintenance. Group 1 received 50% O2-N2O mixture in 6 L.min-1 and Group 2 received 50% O2-air mixture in 6 L.min-1 as carrier gas. Low-flow anesthesia (1 L.min-1) was started after a 10-min period of initial high flow (6 L.min-1). In Group 2, infusion of fentanyl was begun in 1 μg.kg.hour-1 rate. Desflurane level was adjusted at a main BIS value of 40-60. Blood pressure, heart rate, FiO2, etO2, FiN22, EtN2O, FiCO2, EtCO2, Fidesfluran and Etdesflurane were recorded. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of heart rate, arterial blood pressure, settings of desfluran and recovery time. BIS values (p<0.001) and anesthetic agent costs (p<0.001) were higher in Group 2. Conclusion: Using fentanyl infusion instead of nitrous oxide in low flow-anesthesia with desflurane did not alter the hemodynamic parameters. Fentanyl infusion with medical air-oxygen as carrier gas is an alternative technique, but increases BIS values and anesthetic agent costs.
ACCESSION #
56947470

 

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