Highly effective fungal inactivation in He+O2 atmospheric-pressure nonequilibrium plasmas

Xiong, Z.; Lu, X. P.; Feng, A.; Pan, Y.; Ostrikov, K.
December 2010
Physics of Plasmas;Dec2010, Vol. 17 Issue 12, p123502
Academic Journal
Highly effective (more than 99.9%) inactivation of a pathogenic fungus Candida albicans commonly found in oral, respiratory, digestive, and reproduction systems of a human body using atmospheric-pressure plasma jets sustained in He+O2 gas mixtures is reported. The inactivation is demonstrated in two fungal culture configurations with open (Petri dish without a cover) and restricted access to the atmosphere (Petri dish with a cover) under specific experimental conditions. It is shown that the fungal inactivation is remarkably more effective in the second configuration. This observation is supported by the scanning and transmission electron microscopy of the fungi before and after the plasma treatment. The inactivation mechanism explains the experimental observations under different experimental conditions and is consistent with the reports by other authors. The results are promising for the development of advanced health care applications.


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