Ternary nucleation of H[sub 2]SO[sub 4], NH[sub 3] and H[sub 2]O

Kulmala, M.; Korhonen, P.; Laaksonen, A.; Viisanen, Y.; McGraw, R.; Seinfeld, J. H.
August 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 534 Issue 1, p111
Academic Journal
A classical theory of the ternary homogeneous nucleation of sulfuric acid — ammonia — water is presented. For NH[sub 3] mixing ratios exceeding 1 ppt, the presence of ammonia enhances the binary (sulfuric acid — water) nucleation rate by several orders of magnitude. However, the limiting component for ternary nucleation — as for binary nucleation — is sulfuric acid. The sulfuric acid concentration needed for significant ternary nucleation is several orders of magnitude below that required in binary case.


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