Site preferences of actinide cations in [NZP] compounds

Hawkins, H. T.; Spearing, D. R.; Smith, D. M.; Hampel, F. G.; Veirs, D. K.; Scheetz, B. E.
July 2000
AIP Conference Proceedings;2000, Vol. 532 Issue 1, p168
Academic Journal
Compounds adopting the sodium dizirconium tris(phosphate) (NaZr[sub 2](PO[sub 4])[sub 3]) structure type belong to the [NZP] structural family of compounds. [NZP] compounds possess desirable properties that would permit their application as hosts for the actinides. These properties include compositional flexibility (i.e., three structural sites that can accommodate a variety of different cations), high thermal stability, negligible thermal expansion, and resistance to radiation damage. Experimental data indicate that [NZP] compounds resist dissolution and release of constituents over a wide range of experimental conditions. Moreover, [NZP] compounds may be synthesized by both conventional and novel methods and may be heat treated or sintered at modest temperatures (800 °C–1350 °C) in open or restricted systems. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.


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