Isoform-Selective Upregulation of Mast Cell Chymase in the Development of Skin Fibrosis in Scleroderma Model Mice

Kakizoe, Eiichi; Shiota, Naotaka; Tanabe, Yoko; Shimoura, Keiko; Kobayashi, Yuta; Okunishi, Hideki
January 2001
Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Jan2001, Vol. 116 Issue 1, p118
Academic Journal
SummaryThe involvement of connective-tissue-type mast cells and chymase, a protease unique to their secretory granules, has been implicated in fibrotic diseases. To elucidate the role of chymase in fibroproliferative inflammation, in this study we examined the enzymatic activity and mRNA expression of chymase in the sclerotic skin of tight-skin mice; syngeneic Pallid mice served as the control. Dorsal skin specimens from mice aged 5, 10, and 20 wk were evaluated by morphometric and biochemical analyses. At ages 10 and 20 wk, the hydroxyproline concentration in tight-skin dermis was higher than that in Pallid. At any age, the subcutaneous fibrous layer was thicker in tight-skin than in Pallid. In accordance with these fibrous changes, both connective-tissue-type mast cell counts and chymase activity were higher in tight-skin skin than in Pallid skin up to 20 wk of age. Age-matched (10-wk-old) tight-skin and Pallid were quantified for their mRNA of connective-tissue-type mast-cell-specific chymase, mouse mast cell protease-4, by the competitive reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction technique, which revealed its higher level in tight-skin than Pallid. In contrast, the mRNA level of mouse mast cell protease-5, the chymase isoform of undifferentiated mast cells, in tight-skin skin was only a tenth that of mouse mast cell protease-4 and no different from the mouse mast cell protease-5 mRNA level of Pallid mice. An in situ hybridization study confirmed the higher expression of mouse mast cell protease-4 by connective-tissue-type mast cells in tight-skin skin than Pallid skin. These results strongly support the contention that the connective-tissue-type mast cell chymase plays a crucial role in fibroproliferative remodeling of the skin.


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