TITLE

Platelet Endothelial Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 and Vascular Endothelial Cadherin Cooperatively Regulate Fibroblast Growth Factor-induced Modulations of Adherens Junction Functions

AUTHOR(S)
Halama, Thomas; Gröger, Marion; Pillinger, Manuela; Staffler, Günther; Prager, Elisabeth; Stockinger, Hannes; Holnthoner, Wolfgang; Lechleitner, Sonja; Wolff, Klaus; Petzelbauer, Peter
PUB. DATE
January 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Jan2001, Vol. 116 Issue 1, p110
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
SummaryCellular adherens junctions are formed by cadherins linked to proteins of the catenin family. In endothelial cells, not only vascular endothelial cadherin but also platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 localizes into junctions and associates with β-catenin. To explore a putative cooperation of platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular endothelial cadherin, we analyzed transfectants expressing either platelet endothelial cell adhesion (CD31 cells) or vascular endothelial cadherin (CD144 cells) or both molecules (CD31/CD144 cells), and, for comparison, human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Basic fibroblast growth factor completely dissociated vascular endothelial cadherin/β-catenin complexes and robustly moved β-catenin into the nucleus in CD144 cells, whereas in CD31/CD144 cells as well as in human umbilical vein endothelial cells, fibroblast growth factor only partially dissociated the junctional complex followed by a significantly reduced nuclear translocation of β-catenin. In contrast, in CD31 cells, the subcellular distribution of β-catenin remained unaffected by fibroblast growth factor. As a functional consequence, fibroblast growth factor induced a complete collapse of the F-actin network in CD144 cells, a limited rearrangement of F-actin fibers in CD31/CD144 cells and no F-actin rearrangement in CD31 cells. We also analyzed the effect of fibroblast growth factor-induced rearrangement of junctions on junction permeability for leukocytes: in line with our observation that vascular endothelial cadherin was required for cells to respond to fibroblast growth factor, only in CD31/CD144 cells, but not in CD31 cells, leukocyte transmigration was significantly enhanced by fibroblast growth factor. In conclusion platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 cooperates with vascular endothelial cadherin in a mutual fashion; platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 reduces and temporarily limits fibroblast growth factor-induced dissociation of vascular endothelial cadherin/β-catenin complexes, but requires vascular endothelial cadherin to control leukocyte transmigration in dependence of fibroblast growth factor.
ACCESSION #
5661545

 

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