TITLE

Intracellular 3′,5′-Adenosine Cyclic Monophosphate Level Regulates House Dust Mite-Induced Interleukin-13 Production by T Cells from Mite-Sensitive Patients with Atopic Dermatitis

AUTHOR(S)
Kanda, Naoko; Watanabe, Shinichi
PUB. DATE
January 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Jan2001, Vol. 116 Issue 1, p3
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
SummaryWe studied the relationship between cAMP and house dust mite-induced cytokine production in T cells from mite-sensitive patients with atopic dermatitis. T cells from atopic dermatitis patients secreted high level of interleukin-13 (mean 851.1 pg per ml) when cultured with autologous monocytes pulsed with Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus extract. Dermato- phagoides pteronyssinus-induced interleukin-13 secretion was not detected in normal subjects. Adenylate cyclase inhibitor MDL 12,330A and cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase type 4 inhibitor rolipram blocked Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus-induced interleukin-13 secretion in atopic dermatitis T cells. In atopic dermatitis T cells, cAMP level rose at 5 min after Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus stimulus then decreased to the basal level at 1 h. MDL 12,330A blocked the Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus-induced cAMP elevation while rolipram blocked its reversal. In atopic dermatitis T cells, adenylate cyclase activity increased at 5 min after Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus stimulus, followed by the increase of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase acvity at 15 min. In atopic dermatitis T cells, phospholipase C inhibitor ET-18-OCH3 blocked Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus-induced activation of adenylate cyclase, while rolipram, protein kinase A inhibitor H-89, and MDL 12,330A blocked the activation of cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase. These results suggest that Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus may first increase cAMP in atopic dermatitis T cells by activating adenylate cyclase via phospholipase C, and next decrease cAMP by activating cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 4 via protein kinase A, which may be activated by adenylate cyclase-generated cAMP signal. These events are required for interleukin-13 response Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus.
ACCESSION #
5661542

 

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