Long-Term Observations of Cloud Liquid, Water Vapor, and Cloud-Base Temperature in the North Atlantic Ocean

July 2000
Journal of Atmospheric & Oceanic Technology;Jul2000, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p928
Academic Journal
Measurements of precipitable water vapor, cloud liquid, and cloud-base temperature made at Porto Santo Island, Madeira Archipelago, are presented. The observations were made continuously over a 1-yr period from July 1992 to June 1993. Instrumentation consisted of a 20- and 31-GHz ground-based microwave radiometer for measurement of water vapor and cloud liquid, and a 10.7- mm infrared radiometer for measurement of cloud-base temperature. A statistical summary of the data is presented for clear and cloudy conditions, considered both separately and combined. The mean and variance of precipitable water vapor are smaller during clear than during cloudy periods. Values of water vapor during the winter are 26% smaller than during summer months. The mean decorrelation time of precipitable water vapor is generally found to be less than 12 h.


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