Revolution in the Making: Black Politics in South Africa

Karis, Thomas G.
December 1983
Foreign Affairs;Winter83/84, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p378
The article focuses on the issues posed by the importance of the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa and the changes to be brought about in the U.S. policy towards ANC. U.S. policymakers--including those of the Reagan Administration--have deplored official South African racism, affirmed the American belief in government by the consent of the governed, predicted fundamental change, and prayed that it would come peacefully. The disagreements that underlie U.S. policy are sure to become more evident as the racial conflict within South Africa intensifies. And nowhere are the questions of U.S. goals and tactics likely to be posed more acutely than in U.S. policy toward the outlawed African National Congress--the oldest and most popular South African opposition movement, now enjoying a broad-based resurgence of support for its program of resistance to the white South African government. The umbrella organ of African nationalism in South Africa since 1912, the ANC was officially banned in 1960, and has been engaged in armed struggle against the regime for over two decades. Although nearly all of its military support comes from communist sources, the ANC has become a well-organized liberation movement with wide-ranging international connections.


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