Elimination of iodine deficiency disorders by 2000 and its bearing on the people in a district of Orissa, India: a knowledge–attitude–practices study

Mohapatra, Surendra SS; Bulliyya, Gandham; Kerketta, Anna S; Geddam, Jagajivan JB; Acharya, Ardhendu S
February 2001
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Feb2001, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p58
Academic Journal
A knowledge–attitude–practices (KAP) study was conducted along with a prevalence study of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) between 1998–99 in the district of Bargarh, Orissa state, India. A total of 635 people were interviewed by a pretested structured questionnaire, adopting the probability proportional to size cluster sampling method. The aim was to assess the baseline information on the KAP of the people regarding IDD. Only 37% of the males and 29.3% of the females perceived goitre as a disease. Less than 5% of both sexes knew how goitre is caused. Only 16.4% used iodised salt regularly. The awareness and perception of IDD does not correspond with the time and effort we have spent in education of this disease. The implications of this poor knowledge about IDD and consequent poor use of iodised salt is contrasted to the optimistic target of elimination of IDD. This aspect is discussed in this paper, at a time when we are at the beginning of the new millennium.


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