TITLE

PHYTOCHEMICAL AND NUTRIENT EVALUATION OF CARICA PAPAYA (PAWPAW) LEAVES

AUTHOR(S)
Ayoola, P. B.; Adeyeye, A.
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
International Journal of Research & Reviews in Applied Sciences;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p325
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Three samples of Carica papaya leaves (Green, Yellow and Brown) were collected randomly from Ogbomoso town, Oyo state, Nigeria and analyzed for the phytochemical composition, vitamins and mineral constituents. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of bioactive compound saponins, cardiac glycoside alkaloids and absence of tannins in the three samples. Results showed that the plant leaves contained the vitamins, (mg/100g), thiamine (B1): green leaves 0.94, yellow leaves 0.41, brown leaves 0.52; riboflavin (B2): green leaves 0.13, yellow leaves 0.04, brown leaves 0.06; ascorbic acid (C): green leaves 16.29, yellow green 9.62, brown leaves 11.26. Mineral analysis showed highest values (mg/kg) of Ca, 8612.50; Mg, 67.75; Na, 1782.00; K, 2889.00; Mn,9.50 in the green leaves, and Fe, 147.50 in yellow leaves as compared to other elements examined. Thus green pawpaw leaf gave a source of essential nutrients while yellow pawpaw was a source of iron. Therefore pawpaw leaves can be manipulated in the herbal treatment of various diseases and as a potential source of useful elements for drugs formulation.
ACCESSION #
55730011

Tags: PHYTOCHEMICALS;  PAPAYA;  VITAMINS;  BIOACTIVE compounds;  SAPONINS;  CARDIAC glycosides;  TANNINS;  HERBS -- Therapeutic use;  EXCIPIENTS

 

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