TITLE

Resection of the Inferior Vena Cava for Hepatic Malignancy

AUTHOR(S)
Hemming, Alan W.; Langham, Max R.; Reed, Alan I.; Van Der Werf, Willem J.; Howard, Richard J.
PUB. DATE
November 2001
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Nov2001, Vol. 67 Issue 11, p1081
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Involvement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by hepatic tumors, although uncommon, is considered to be unresectable by standard surgical techniques. Recent advances in hepatic surgery have made combined hepatic and vena caval resection possible. The purpose of this study is to describe the surgical techniques and early results of combined resection of the liver and IVC. From 1997 to 2000, 11 patients underwent resection of the IVC along with four to seven liver segments. Resections were carried out for hepatocellular carcinoma (four); colorectal metastases (four); and hepatoblastoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor metastases, and squamous cell carcinoma in one patient each. Ex vivo procedures were performed twice, and total vascular isolation was used in the nine other cases. The IVC was reconstructed with ringed Gore-Tex tube graft (five), primarily (five), or with Gore-Tex patches (one). There were two early deaths: one from liver failure at 3 weeks and one from sepsis secondary to a perforated segment of small bowel 4 months postresection. One patient with a gastrointestinal stromal tumor died at 32 months of recurrent tumor and one patient with hepatocellular carcinoma is alive with recurrent tumor at 16 months. The remaining patients are alive and disease free with follow-up ranging from 3 to 40 months without evidence of IVC occlusion. Combined resection of the liver and IVC is a formidable undertaking with substantial surgical risk. However, this aggressive surgical approach offers a chance for cure in patients with tumors involving the IVC that would otherwise have a dismal prognosis.
ACCESSION #
5562959

 

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