TITLE

Effects of inosine on reperfusion injury after cardiopulmonary bypass

AUTHOR(S)
Veres, Gábor; Radovits, Tamás; Seres, Leila; Horkay, Ferenc; Karck, Matthias; Szabó, Gábor
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery;2010, Vol. 5, p106
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Objective: Inosine, a break-down product of adenosine has been recently shown to exert inodilatory and antiinflammatory properties. Furthermore inosine might be a key substrate of pharmacological post-conditioning. In the present pre-clinical study, we investigated the effects of inosine on cardiac function during reperfusion in an experimental model of cardioplegic arrest and extracorporal circulation. Methods: Twelve anesthetized dogs underwent hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass. After 60 minutes of hypothermic cardiac arrest, reperfusion was started after application of either saline vehicle (control, n = 6), or inosine (100 mg/kg, n = 6). Left ventricular end-systolic pressure volume relationship (ESPVR) was measured by a combined pressure-volume-conductance catheter at baseline and after 60 minutes of reperfusion. Left anterior descendent coronary blood flow (CBF), endothelium-dependent vasodilatation to acetylcholine (ACh) and endothelium-independent vasodilatation to sodium nitroprusside (SNP) were also determined. Results: The administration of inosine led to a significantly better recovery (given as percent of baseline) of ESPVR 90 ± 9% vs. 46 ± 6%, p < 0.05. CBF and was also significantly higher in the inosine group (56 ± 8 vs. 23 ± 4, ml/ min, p < 0.05). While the vasodilatatory response to SNP was similar in both groups, ACh resulted in a significantly higher increase in CBF (58 ± 6% vs. 25 ± 5%, p < 0.05) in the inosine group. Conclusions: Application of inosine improves myocardial and endothelial function after cardiopulmonary bypass with hypothermic cardiac arrest.
ACCESSION #
55595419

 

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