TITLE

Neighbourhood characteristics, social capital and self-rated health - A population-based survey in Sweden

AUTHOR(S)
Lindén-Boström, Margareta; Persson, Carina; Eriksson, Charli
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p628
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In previous public health surveys large differences in health have been shown between citizens living in different neighbourhoods in the Örebro municipality, which has about 125000 inhabitants. The aim of this study was to investigate the determinants of health with an emphasis on the importance of neighbourhood characteristics such as the influence of neighbourhood social cohesion and social capital. The point of departure in this study was a conceptual model inspired by the work of Carpiano, where different factors related to the neighbourhood have been used to find associations to individual self-rated health. Methods: We used data from the survey 'Life & Health 2004' sent to inhabitants aged 18-84 years in Örebro municipality, Sweden. The respondents (n = 2346) answered a postal questionnaire about living conditions, housing conditions, health risk factors and individual health. The outcome variable was self-rated health. In the analysis we applied logistic regression modelling in various model steps following a conceptual model. Results: The results show that poor self-rated health was associated with social capital, such as lack of personal support and no experience of being made proud even after controlling for strong factors related to health, such as age, disability pension, ethnicity and economic stress. Also the neighbourhood factors, housing area and residential stability were associated with self-rated health. Poor self-rated health was more common among people living in areas with predominately large blocks of flats or areas outside the city centre. Moreover, people who had lived in the same area 1-5 years reported poor health more frequently than those who had lived there longer. Conclusions: The importance of the neighbourhood and social capital for individual health is confirmed in this study. The neighbourhoods could be emphasized as settings for health promotion. They can be constructed to promote social interaction which in turn supports the development of social networks, social support and social capital - all important determinants of health.
ACCESSION #
55563818

 

Related Articles

  • Design and methods of the Adult Inuit Health Survey 2007-2008. Saudny, Helga; Leggee, Donna; Egeland, Grace // International Journal of Circumpolar Health;2012, Vol. 71, p1 

    Background. The Canadian International Polar Year (IPY) program made it possible to undertake much needed health research in 3 jurisdictions within the Canadian Inuit Nunangat (homeland) over a 2-year period: Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR), Nunavut Territory, and Nunatsiavut. Design. The...

  • Neighborhood Environment and Self-Reported Health Status: A Multilevel Analysis. Malmström, Marianne; Sundquist, Jan; Johansson, Sven-Erik // American Journal of Public Health;Aug1999, Vol. 89 Issue 8, p1181 

    Objectives. This study examined whether neighborhood socioeconomic environment helps to explain the proportion of community members with self-reported poor health status. Methods. A random sample of 9240 persons aged 25 to 74 years were interviewed during 1988 and 1989. The socioeconomic...

  • Elsewhere in the Journal.  // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2008, Vol. 65 Issue 12, p785 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue including one on the World Health Organization World Mental Health Survey Initiative, another on the recurrent back injuries in a dynamic cohort of carpenters in the United States.

  • Neighborhoods and Obesity in Later Life. Grafova, Irina B.; Freedman, Vicki A.; Kumar, Rizie; Rogowski, Jeannette // American Journal of Public Health;Nov2008, Vol. 98 Issue 11, p2065 

    Objectives. We examined the influence of neighborhood environment on the weight status of adults 55 years and older. Methods. We conducted a 2-level logistic regression analysis of data from the 2002 wave of the Health and Retirement Study. We included 8 neighborhood scales: economic advantage,...

  • Neighbourhood environment and its association with self rated health: evidence from Scotland and England. Cummins, Steven; Stafford, Mai; Macintyre, Sally; Marmot, Michael; Ellaway, Anne // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Mar2005, Vol. 59 Issue 3, p207 

    Objectives: To investigate associations between measures of neighbourhood social and material environment and self rated health. Design: New contextual measures added to cross sectional study of a sample of people from the Health Survey for England and the Scottish Health Survey to provide...

  • Prevalence of Smoking in 8 Countries of the Former Soviet Union: Results From the Living Conditions, Lifestyles and Health Study. Gilmore, Anna; Pomerleau, Joceline; McKee, Martin; Rose, Richard; Haerpfer, Christian W.; Rotman, David; Tumanov, Sergej // American Journal of Public Health;Dec2004, Vol. 94 Issue 12, p2177 

    Objectives. We sought to provide comparative data on smoking habits in countries of the former Soviet Union. Methods. We conducted cross-sectional surveys in 8 former Soviet countries with representative national samples of the population 18 years or older. Results. Smoking rates varied among...

  • Health inequalities--the need for explanation and intervention. Lahelma, Eero // European Journal of Public Health;Aug2006, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p339 

    The author comments on health inequalities in Europe. Among the major explanations for health inequalities include the Black Report artefacts and selection to socio-economic groups. Based on research, material living conditions, income and housing are among the factors that affect health...

  • Potentials of Local Health Surveys: A State-of-the-Art Summary. Aday, Lu Ann; Sellers, Charles; Andersen, Ronald M. // American Journal of Public Health;Aug1981, Vol. 71 Issue 8, p835 

    Abstract: This paper provides a state-of-the-art summary of the potentials and limitations of local surveys for assessing health problems in local areas. The information they provide may be helpful for a variety of purposes such as measuring the need for services. planning programs to address...

  • RESIDENTIAL SATISFACTION IN LA PERLA INFORMAL NEIGHBORHOOD, SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO. Jean, Caldieron // OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development;2011, Vol. 2 Issue 11, p77 

    Residential satisfaction is an important element measuring the quality of life of individuals. This paper reports on the findings of residential satisfaction in the self-built informal neighborhood of La Perla. The settlement is located adjacent to the colonial center in the city of San Juan,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics