TITLE

Gaps in Brucellosis Eradication Campaign in Sheep and Goats in Republic of Macedonia: Lessons Learned

AUTHOR(S)
Naletoski, Ivančo; Kirandziski, Toni; Mitrov, Dine; Krstevski, Kiril; Dzadzovski, Igor; Acevski, Siniša
PUB. DATE
August 2010
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;Aug2010, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p351
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To identify why "test and slaughter policy" for eradication of brucellosis did not significantly reduce the prevalence in sheep and goats in Macedonia. Method Coverage of sampled vs expected number of sheep and goats, absolute number of positive animals, prevalence, frequency distribution, and classes of disease prevalence were retrospectively analyzed at the village level for 2004-2006. A comparative analysis of the disease prevalence in the investigated villages was also performed. The percentage of slaughtered animals was analyzed for 2000-2006. Results We found differences between the expected and actual number of sampled animals, which were related to the type of livestock breeding. Traditionally maintained flocks and migratory flocks were considered to be responsible for the transmission of the disease. The absolute number of positive animals and the number of infected vs non-infected holdings did not decrease over the study period. Most of the villages had between 1 and 10 positive animals. Between 2000 and 2006, 55% of the positive animals were slaughtered, 41% in 2001 and up to 79% in 2002. Moreover, in 2005 and 2006, 34% and 53% of sheep and goats were found to be positive at the slaughter line, respectively, demonstrating that only 21%-23% of the infected animals were correctly removed from the herds. Conclusion Based on the findings of this study, Macedonia changed its control strategy from "test and slaughter" to a vaccination policy for sheep and goats in 2008.
ACCESSION #
55467472

 

Related Articles

  • EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BRUCELLOSIS IN SHEEP AND GOATS IN BULGARIA: 2005-2008. B., Likov; R., Nenova-Poliakova; P., Tomova; I., Boikovski; M., Rubenova; S., Tsankova; T., Kantardjiev; P., Kamenov // Contributions of Macedonian Academy of Sciences & Arts;2010, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p55 

    Aim. To analyse and present the epidemiological and epizootological situation of brucellosis in humans, sheep and goats caused by Brucella melitensis. Methods: The veterinary health services analyzsd epidemiological reports, as well as other official documents, in relation to the epidemiology...

  • Survey of the seroprevalence of brucellosis in ruminants in Tajikistan. Jackson, R.; Ward, D.; Kennard, R.; Amirbekov, M.; Stack, J.; Amanfu, W.; El-Idrissi, A.; Otto, H. // Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;10/6/2007, Vol. 161 Issue 14, p476 

    A cross-sectional serological survey of the prevalence of brucellosis in ruminants in the Region of Republican Subordination and Khatlon oblasts (provinces) in Tajikistan was conducted in May 2003. Sera from 13,625 ruminants involving 3513 households in 172 kishlaks (villages) were collected and...

  • Ovine and Caprine Brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) in Aborted Animals in Jordanian Sheep and Goat Flocks. Samadi, Assadullah; Ababneh, M. MK.; Giadinis, N. D.; Lafi, S. Q. // Veterinary Medicine International;2010, p1 

    Two hundred and fifty five biological samples were collected from188 animals (81 sheep and 107 goats) during the lambing season from September 2009 to April 2010 from the Mafraq region of Jordan. Sampled animals belonged to 93 sheep and goat flocks that had abortion cases in the region. One...

  • BRUCELLOSIS CONTROL IN SMALL RUMINANTS IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. Kirandjiski, T.; Nikolovska, G.; Nakova, E.; Smilenovska, B.; Strojmanovska, B.; Naletoski, I.; Mitrov, D. // Contributions of Macedonian Academy of Sciences & Arts;2010, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p181 

    Aim: To present the main goals and activities of the strategy for control of brucellosis caused by B. melitensis in sheep and goats in the Republic of Macedonia. Methods: Relevant documents and reports from the Veterinary Directorate were used to present the approaches for control of the disease...

  • Análisis de riesgos de la brucelosis en el estado de Tlaxcala. García-Juárez, Guillermina; Ramírez-Bribiesca, J. Efrén; Hernández-Vázquez, Maricela; Hernández-Calva, Luz Marina; Díaz-Aparicio, Efrén; Orozco-Bolaños, Hermila // Salud Pública de México;jul/ago2014, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p355 

    Objective. To identify the risk of brucellosis in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. Materials and methods. A diagnosis of social type was conducted in the municipalities of Huamantla, Ixtenco and Teacalco, located in the eastern region of the state. The seroprevalence of brucellosis in goats and...

  • Isolation and biotyping of Brucella melitensis from aborted sheep and goat fetuses. Büyükcangaz, Esra; Şen, Ayşin; Kahya, Serpil // Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences;2009, Vol. 33 Issue 4, p311 

    The possible role of Brucella spp. in 65 abortion cases, 55 from sheep and 10 from goats, occurring in the birth seasons of 2004 and 2005 in northwestern Turkey was investigated. Colony morphology, agglutination by acriflavin, H2S production, CO2 requirement, dye sensitivity in thionin, basic...

  • Epidemiological Studies, Seroprevalance and Some Risk Factors of Brucellosis in Sheep and Goats in the South Province of West Bank. Hawari, Azmi Dawood // Asian Journal of Animal & Veterinary Advances;Jun2012, Vol. 7 Issue 6, p535 

    Between 2010 and 2011, a study of seroprevalence and some risk factors for Brucella seropositively in sheep and goats has been carried out in the south province of West Bank. A total of six hundred twenty sheep sera from 15 flocks and 145 goats sera from 5 flocks were randomly collected and...

  • DIAGNOSTIC VALIDATION OF OVINE AND CAPRINE BRUCELLOSIS USING SERUM- AND MILK-ELISA. J., Bosnakovski; D., Mitrov; I., Naletoski // Contributions of Macedonian Academy of Sciences & Arts;2010, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p103 

    Aim: To introduce and validate the new method of diagnosing ovine and caprine brucellosis in a rapid, accurate and inexpensive manner by using i-ELISA (serum/milk) technique. Methods: Serum and milk samples from brucella RB and CFT negative (n = 881) and positive (n = 755) animals were used....

  • Brucellosis in the Republic of Serbia - The Epizootiological Situation.  // Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences;9/1/2010, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p246 

    No abstract available.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics