Epidemiological Characteristics of Brucellosis in Serbia, 1980- 2008

Čekanac, Radovan; Mladenović, Jovan; Ristanović, Elizabeta; Lazić, Srđan
August 2010
Croatian Medical Journal;Aug2010, Vol. 51 Issue 4, p337
Academic Journal
Aim To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of human brucellosis in Serbia from 1980 to 2008 and the most important factors affecting its emergence and spread. Methods Public sources of data on brucellosis were used, including official reports of infectious diseases and epidemics, as well as monthly and annual reports of the Serbia and Vojvodina Institutes of Public Health. Results From 1980 through 2008, there were 1521 human brucellosis cases in Serbia. The annual number ranged from 2 in 2000 to 324 in 1991. Infections occurred more often in men (67% of cases) than in women (odds ratio, 2.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.57-3.00; χ2 = 24.52, P < 0.001). The largest number of patients over the entire study period (1184) was recorded in Kosovo and Metohija, which accounted for 78% of the total number of patients. The maximum incidence rate in Kosovo and Metohija was 12 per 100 000 in 1991. In Vojvodina, the first autochthonous human cases of brucellosis were recorded in 1999, and 101 affected persons were registered by the end of 2008. During the period 1994-2008, the largest number of patients in Serbia was recorded from June to September (310 of 623 cases, 50%). The disease was most prevalent among people aged 30-49 years, accounting for 81 of 177 (46%) of the cases in Serbia from 1999 to 2008. Conclusion Brucellosis has been a significant public health concern in Serbia. This problem may be solved by joint efforts of all relevant factors, first of all human and veterinary medical services.


Related Articles

  • Estimating in Real Time the Efficacy of Measures to Control Emerging Communicable Diseases. Simon Cauchemez; Pierre-Yves Boëlle; Guy Thomas; Alain-Jacques Valleron // American Journal of Epidemiology;Sep2006, Vol. 164 Issue 6, p591 

    Controlling an emerging communicable disease requires prompt adoption of measures such as quarantine. Assessment of the efficacy of these measures must be rapid as well. In this paper, the authors present a framework to monitor the efficacy of control measures in real time. Bayesian estimation...

  • H5N1 Virus: Crisis For Egypt?  // Egypt Tourism Report;Q4 2008, p30 

    The article questions whether the H5N1 bird flu virus will pose a threat to the tourism industry of Egypt in the fourth quarter of 2008. Data from the World Health Organization (WHO) as of July, confirmed 22 human deaths caused by the H5N1 virus, the majority of which had been women and girls....

  • Resurgence of dengue fever in Puerto Rico worries experts. Eickhoff, Theodore C. // Infectious Disease News;Jan2008, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p1 

    The article reports on the concerns raised by health experts on the resurgence of dengue fever in Puerto Rico. Health experts warn that dengue fever outbreak in the country in 2007 could potentially escalate to a more significant public health problem. Public health officials claim that there is...

  • Fundamental Limits to the Precision of Early Warning Systems for Epidemics of Infectious Diseases. Drake, John M. // PLoS Medicine;May2005, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p461 

    Discusses the fundamental limits to the precision of early warning systems (EWS) for epidemics of infectious diseases. Principal aims of EWS; Factors which affect the timing of epidemics; Reason why the precise estimates of the final epidemic size cannot be obtained.

  • Poliomyelitis Worldwide in 1970.  // Clinical Pediatrics;Apr1973, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p254 

    Discusses the evolution of poliomyelitis across the globe in 1970. Cases of poliomyelitis among children in Europe and South East Asia; Incidence of the disease in the U.S.; Description on the outbreak of the disease.

  • Spatial and temporal distribution of cholera in Ecuador between 1991 and 1996. Chevallier, Emmanuelle; Grand, Alain; Azais, Jean-Marc // European Journal of Public Health;Sep2004, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p274 

    Background: The seventh pandemic of cholera affected South America in 1991 after a century of absence. Favoured by local conditions, the epidemic of cholera in Ecuador had a rapid impact. The epidemic of cholera evolved with temporal and geographical variations. Methods: The temporal and...

  • In Appreciation: Abram S. `Bud' Benenson, MD. Northridge, Mary E.; Fee, Elizabeth; Schuchat, Anne // American Journal of Public Health;Feb2000, Vol. 90 Issue 2, p179 

    This article focuses on the 11th through 16th editions of the Control of Communicable Diseases Manual (CCDM). The CCDM, in its many editions, spans much of the history of infectious disease control in the U.S. The first edition was published in 1917 as a handy 30-page pamphlet, designed so that...

  • State Church Charity and Smallpox: an epidemic crisis in the City of Mexico 1797-98. Price, Robin // Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine;May1982, Vol. 75 Issue 5, p356 

    The article discusses the outbreak of smallpox in the City of Mexico in 1797 to 1798. The outbreak started from a merchant ship. The quarantine on the vessel was done but the disease spread and seven children in Acapulco had contracted smallpox. Another outbreak had occurred in the Intendency of...

  • Zoonotic diseases and human health: The human influenza example. Schoub, Barry D. // Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research;2012, Vol. 79 Issue 2, Special section p1 

    Over the past few decades a large number of new and emerging infectious diseases have been recognised in humans, partly because of improved diagnostic technologies and increased awareness and also, partly because of dynamic ecological changes between human hosts and their exposure to animals and...

  • Risk of cytomegalovirus transmission by cryopreserved semen: a study of 635 semen samples from 231 donors. J.L. Bresson; M.C. Clavequin; M.C. Mazeron; C. Mengelle; C. Scieux; M. Segondy; N. Houhou // Human Reproduction;Sep2003, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p1881 

    BACKGROUND: The hypothetical responsibility of sperm donation in cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission to recipients and precautions to prevent this transmission are widely discussed. The aim of this French CECOS Federation study was to evaluate both the reality and the importance of the CMV risk...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics