TITLE

Necessity and Opportunity-Driven Entrepreneurs in Canada: An Investigation into their Characteristics and an Appraisal of the Role of Gender

AUTHOR(S)
Robichaud, Yves; LeBrasseur, Rolland; Nagarajan, K. V.
PUB. DATE
June 2010
SOURCE
Journal of Applied Business & Economics;2010, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p59
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The past decades have witnessed an increase of the proportion of firms created by women in Canada. However, despite the increasing number of female entrepreneurs, research in the field keeps reporting that women are twice less likely to start a business than men; when they do start a venture, it is smaller in size and shows a lower growth level than male-controlled firms. The purpose of this research was to examine how female and male entrepreneurs participating to the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Canada survey compared in terms of their motives to start a business. Motivations were compared using the "push-pull" dichotomy among a sample of owners of recently created firms across Canada. In general, the results of this study show a relationship between success at launching a business and some characteristics of opportunistic entrepreneurs such as: level of education, skills, self-confidence, income and networking. As men tend to have acquired these characteristics in a higher proportion than women, it would not be surprising to see women obtaining on average lower results than men when these characteristics are measured.
ACCESSION #
55382530

 

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