TITLE

Percutaneous tracheostomy: a 6 yr prospective evaluation of the single tapered dilator technique

AUTHOR(S)
Dempsey, G. A.; Grant, C. A.; Jones, T. M.
PUB. DATE
December 2010
SOURCE
BJA: The British Journal of Anaesthesia;Dec2010, Vol. 105 Issue 6, p782
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background The single tapered dilator (STD) percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) technique now appears to be the single most common method of performing a tracheostomy in the critical care unit (CCU). Methods A single-centre, prospective evaluation of all PDTs performed in an adult mixed surgical and medical CCU between November 2003 and October 2009 was done. All procedures were undertaken by critical care physicians. A proforma recorded intraoperative complications and technical difficulties encountered during the procedure; all patients were followed up for a minimum of 3 months for delayed complications. Results A tracheostomy was performed on 589 patients during the study period. PDT was attempted in 576 patients and successfully completed in 572. PDT was abandoned in four patients due to bleeding, with three of these subsequently undergoing surgical tracheostomy (ST). ST was performed in 17 patients. Intraoperative technical difficulties were encountered in 149 (26%) cases. Sixteen (3%) procedures were deemed as having early complications. A further four (0.7%) cases had significant late complications including two tracheo-innominate fistulae (TIF). Both TIF patients died as a result of their complications giving a mortality directly attributable to PDT of 0.35%. There were no differences with respect to the occurrence of complications according to grade of operator. Conclusions PDT performed by the STD technique is a relatively safe procedure with more than 96% of procedures performed without any early or late complications. Using this technique, more than 97% of tracheostomies undertaken during the study period were performed percutaneously. Further audit at a national level is warranted to fully evaluate long-term complications after PDT.
ACCESSION #
55275838

 

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