TITLE

Surveillance of device-associated infections at a teaching hospital in rural Gujarat - India

AUTHOR(S)
Singh, S.; Pandya, Y.; Patel, R.; Paliwal, M.; Wilson, A.; Trivedi, S.
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology;Oct2010, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p342
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Surveillance of hospital-acquired infection (HAI), particularly device-associated infection (DAI), helps in determining the infection rates, risk factors, and in planning the preventive strategies to ensure a quality healthcare in any hospital. The present study was carried out to know the prevalence of DAI in a tertiary care teaching hospital of rural Gujarat. Materials and Methods: A prospective, site-specific surveillance of three common DAIs that is catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI), IV-catheter-related bloodstream infection (IV-CRBSI), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) was carried out between July 2007 and April 2008, in different wards/ICUs. A surveillance plan, with guidelines and responsibilities of nurses, clinicians and microbiologist was prepared. Infection surveillance form for each patient suspected to have DAI was filled. The most representative clinical sample, depending on the type of suspected DAI, was collected using standard aseptic techniques and processed for aerobes and facultative anaerobes. All the isolates were identified and antimicrobial sensitivity testing performed as per CLSI guidelines. An accurate record of total device days for each of the indwelling devices under surveillance was also maintained. Data, collected in the prescribed formats, were analysed on monthly basis; and then, compiled at the end of the study. Descriptive analysis of the data was done and DAI rate was expressed as number of DAI per 1000 device days. Results: The overall infection rate for CA-UTI, IV-CRBSI, and VAP were found to be 0.6, 0.48, and 21.92 per 1000 device days, respectively. The organisms isolated were Staphylococcus aureus, CONS, Enterococci, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. Conclusions: Duration of indwelling devices was found to be the major risk-factor for acquiring DAIs. Low DAI rate might have been due to use of antibiotics, often prophylactic. Active surveillance is quite a tedious and time-consuming process; however the outcome is useful in prevention and control of DAIs.
ACCESSION #
55249693

 

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