TITLE

Second-hand smoke exposure and the factors associated with avoidance behavior among the mothers of pre-school children: a school-based cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Pi-Li Lin; Hsiao-Ling Huang; Kuei-Yun Lu; Ted Chen; Wei-Ting Lin; Chien-Hung Lee; Hsiang-Ming Hsu
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p606
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Second-hand Smoke (SHS) exposure is a significant public health problem that may be responsible for serious health hazards for child. This study aimed to examine the exposure status of SHS and the factors associated with SHS avoidance behavior among the mothers of pre-school children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was used to obtain a sample of the mothers of pre-school children (n = 1,020) in 30 registered kindergartens in eastern Taiwan. Overall, 919 (a response rate of 90%) completed the questionnaires. Regression models were used to identify factors with respect to the avoidance behavior of SHS. Results: The prevalence of exposure to SHS was 70% and 50% for the mothers and their children, respectively. After adjusting for other variables, mothers who were current smokers (β = -0.260, p < 0.001), had spouses who smoked (β = -0.060, p < 0.05), SHS exposure (β = -0.138, p < 0.001), and/or children with exposure to SHS (β = -0.084, p < 0.05) were found to be less likely to avoid SHS, whereas mothers with a high knowledge score about SHS (β = 0.082, p < 0.01), positive attitudes (β = 0.274, p < 0.001) and a high self-efficacy level in regard to the avoidance of SHS (β = 0.397, p < 0.001) were observed to be more likely to avoid SHS. Regression analyses confirmed that the significantly factors associated with the avoidance behavior of SHS were self-efficacy, being a current smoker, and the attitude toward the avoidance of SHS to be that of 55.5% of the total variance explained (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The high prevalence rate of exposure to SHS for mothers and their children suggests that a well-designed future intervention program should be implemented in regard to pre-school children's mothers in order to prevent these mothers and their children from SHS exposure hazards, more particularly, to strengthen the knowledge base, to enhance self-efficacy and to foster a more positive attitude toward the avoidance of SHS in the mothers.
ACCESSION #
55101335

 

Related Articles

  • Children's exposure to passive smoking in England since the 1980s: cotinine evidence from population surveys. Jarvis, Martin J.; Goddard, Eileen; Higgins, Vanessa; Feyerabend, Colin; Bryant, Andrew // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);08/05/2000, Vol. 321 Issue 7257, p343 

    AbstractObjective: To determine whether children's exposure to passive smoking has changed since the late 1980s.Design: Cross sectional surveys of nationally representative samples of secondary school children carried out between 1988 and 1998 by Office for National Statistics.Setting:...

  • Mortalidad por exposición al humo, fuego y llamas en la población de menores de 15 años durante el periodo 1998-2010. Fernández Cantón, Sonia B.; Hernández Martínez, Ana Ma.; Viguri Uribe, Ricardo // Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico (Departamento de ;nov/dic2012, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p509 

    No abstract available.

  • Household secondhand smoke exposure of elementary schoolchildren in Southern Taiwan and factors associated with their confidence in avoiding exposure: a cross-sectional study.  // BMC Public Health;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p40 

    The article discusses a study conducted to assess the household Second Hand Smoke (SHS) exposure in elementary school children in southern Taiwan. It has been informed that the study also compares avoidance of SHS exposure before and after the implementation of new Tobacco Hazards Prevention Act...

  • Study Probes Absences. SPARKS, SARAH D. // Education Week;9/14/2011, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p5 

    The article discusses "School Absenteeism Among Children Living With Smokers," a study conducted by researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital's Mongan Institute for Health Policy, which found that students living with smokers may have increased absences due to secondhand smoke related illnesses.

  • Evaluation of Secondhand Smoking Characteristics in Asthmatic Children. Boychuk, Rodney B.; Halm, Brunhild M.; Garcia, Francisco; Yamamoto, Franklin Y.; Sanderson, Ron R.; Gartner, Brenda M.; Beckham, Sheila; Fannucchi, Rebecca; Cadoy, Miguel; Day, Craig; Pang, Corilyn K.S.; Chong, Valerie; Kaahaaina, Darlene; Donavan, Rebecca; DeMesa, Charles J.; Kiyabu, Kristi M. // Hawaii Medical Journal;Apr2006, Vol. 65 Issue 4, p105 

    Exposure to secondhand smoke causes adverse health outcomes particularly in vulnerable groups like children. This multi-centered prospective study examined the household exposure to secondhand smoke among asthmatic children presenting to emergency departments on O'ahu, Hawai'i. Findings revealed...

  • Exposure of pre-school children to passive cigarette and narghile smoke in Beirut. Tamim, Hala; Akkary, Ghassan; El-Zein, Abbas; el-Roueiheb, Zana; El-Chemaly, Souheil // European Journal of Public Health;Oct2006, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p509 

    Background: Narghile is a resurging smoking device. However, little research has been done to assess passive smoking exposure. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the exposure of pre-school age children in Beirut to parental passive smoking from cigarette and/or narghile. Methods:...

  • Active smoking and second-hand-smoke exposure at home among Irish children, 1995–2007. Z Kabir // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Jan2010, Vol. 95 Issue 1, p42 

    OBJECTIVE: This study hypothesised a continual decline in current smoking prevalence over four calendar years (1995, 1998, 2002/03 and 2007) and no significant increase in second-hand-smoke (SHS) exposure levels at home after the workplace smoking ban of March 2004 (2007 versus 2002/03 survey)...

  • Passive smoking and respiratory symptoms in primary school children in Hong Kong. Lam, T.H.; Hedley, A.J.; Chung, S.F.; Macfarlane, D.J. // Human & Experimental Toxicology;1999, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p218 

    1 We aimed to study whether passive smoking is associated with respiratory ill health in primary school children in Hong Kong. 2 In this cross-sectional study, a standardised structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on respiratory symptoms, smokers in the household and smoking...

  • Environmental tobacco smoke exposure in low-income 6-year-olds: Parent report and urine cotinine measures. Cornelius, Marie; Goldschmidt, Lidush; Dempsey, Delia // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Jun2003, Vol. 5 Issue 3, p333 

    We examined the prevalence and level of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure using urine cotinine levels in children and three types of maternal self-reports in a sample of 196 low socioeconomic status (SES) mothers and their children. The self-reports were report of the mother's own...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics