TITLE

Completeness and timeliness of Salmonella notifications in Ireland in 2008: a cross sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Nicolay, Nathalie; Garvey, Patricia; Delappe, Niall; Cormican, Martin; McKeown, Paul
PUB. DATE
January 2010
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10, p568
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In Ireland, salmonellosis is the second most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis. A new electronic system for reporting (Computerised Infectious Disease Reporting - CIDR) of Salmonella cases was established in 2004. It collates clinical (and/or laboratory) data on confirmed and probable Salmonella cases. The authors studied the completeness and the timeliness of Salmonella notifications in 2008. Methods: This analysis was based upon laboratory confirmed cases of salmonella gastroenteritis. Using data contained in CIDR, we examined completeness for certain non-mandatory fields (country of infection, date of onset of illness, organism, outcome, patient type, and ethnicity). We matched the CIDR data with the dataset provided by the national Salmonella reference laboratory (NSRL) to which all Salmonella spp. isolates are referred for definitive typing. We calculated the main median time intervals in the flow of events of the notification process. Results: In total, 416 laboratory confirmed Salmonella cases were captured by the national surveillance system and the NSRL and were included in the analysis. Completeness of non mandatory fields varied considerably. Organism was the most complete field (98.8%), ethnicity the least (11%). The median time interval between sample collection (first contact of the patient with the healthcare professional) to the first notification to the regional Department of Public Health (either a clinical or a laboratory notification) was 6 days (Interquartile 4-7 days). The median total identification time interval, time between sample collections to availability of serotyping and phage-typing results on the system was 25 days (Interquartile 19-32 days). Timeliness varied with respect to Salmonella species. Clinical notifications occurred more rapidly than laboratory notifications. Conclusions: Further feedback and education should be given to health care professionals to improve completeness of reporting of non-mandatory fields. The efficiency of reporting was similar to that published elsewhere. Delays in the reporting system at present mean that although the system is of value in facilitating comprehensive reporting it is unlikely it can be relied upon for rapid detection of outbreaks at an early stage. Direct person-to-person, communication between clinical and reference laboratories and public health practitioners remains a critical element of the surveillance system for rapid outbreak detection.
ACCESSION #
55091976

 

Related Articles

  • Salmonellosis and Meat Purchased at Live-Bird and Animal-Slaughter Markets, United States, 2007-2012. Imanishi, Maho; Anderson, Tara C.; Routh, Janell; Brown, Catherine; Conidi, Giuseppe; Glenn, Lynda; Reddy, Vasudha; Waechter, HaeNa; Malavet, Michelle; Nyaku, Mawuli; Bohm, Susan; Bidol, Sally; Arends, Katherine; Saupe, Amy; Higa, Jeffrey; Thai-An Nguyen; Pringle, Jeshua; Behravesh, Casey Barton; Bosch, Stacey // Emerging Infectious Diseases;Jan2014, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p167 

    A letter to the editor about the prevalence of salmonellosis in the U.S. from 2007 to 2012 is presented.

  • CLINICAL FEATURES OF ACUTE GASTROENTERITIS IN CHILDREN OF SALMONELLOSIS ETIOLOGY. Zvizdic, S.; Hamzic, S.; Avdic-Kamberovic, F.; Bektas, S.; Rodinis-Pejic, I.; Bajrovic, T.; Velic, R.; Kudumovic, A. // HealthMed;Dec2009, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p488 

    Etiologic diagnosis of salmonellosis in children is established based on clinical features, isolation of bacteria from stool samples or rectal swab, as well as knowledge of epidemiologic situation in the area under study. Therefore, it is necessary to have approach to the data on basic clinical...

  • Multiplex PCR for the concurrent detection and differentiation of Salmonella spp., Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Typhimurium. Chai Fung Pui; Woan Chwen Wong; Lay Ching Chai; Hai Yen Lee; Ahmad Noorlis; Tuan Chilek Tuan Zainazor; John Yew Huat Tang; Farinazleen Mohamad Ghazali; Yoke Kqueen Cheah; Yoshitsugu Nakaguchi; Mitsuaki Nishibuchi; Son Radu // Tropical Medicine & Health;Mar2011, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p9 

    Salmonellosis outbreaks involving typhoid fever and human gastroenteritis are important diseases in tropical countries where hygienic conditions are often not maintained. A rapid and sensitive method to detect Salmonella spp., Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Typhimurium is needed to improve...

  • Multistate Outbreaks of Salmonella Infections Associated with Raw Tomatoes Eaten in Restaurants -- United States, 2005-2006. Bidol, S. A.; Daly, E. R.; Rickert, R. E.; Hill, T. A.; Al Khaldi, S.; Taylor Jr., T. H.; Lynch, M. F.; Painter, J. A.; Braden, C. R.; Yu, P. A.; Demma, L.; Behravesh, C. Barton; Olson, C. K.; Greene, S. K.; Schmitz, A. M.; Blaney, D. D.; Gershman, M. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;9/7/2007, Vol. 56 Issue 35, p909 

    The article describes the epidemiologic, environmental and laboratory investigations of the four large multistate outbreaks of Salmonella infections associated with eating raw tomatoes at restaurants in the U.S. from 2005-2006. During 2005-2006, there were 459 culture-confirmed cases of...

  • Salmonella Typhimurium Infections Associated with a Community College Microbiology Laboratory -- Maine, 2013. Matluk, Nicholas; Grieser, Heather; Robbins, Amy; Ball, Lauren B.; Sites, Anne Redmond; Sears, Stephen; Colby, Kate; Kelly, Megan // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;11/1/2013, Vol. 62 Issue 43, p863 

    The article reports on a case of salmonella typhimurium infections associated with a community college microbiology laboratory in Maine in 2013. The case was reported by the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The causes of the salmonellosis include equipment in disrepair and...

  • Salmonella's sweet tooth.  // Food Manufacture;Aug2009, Vol. 84 Issue 8, p41 

    The article presents the findings of research conducted by the Institute of Food Research (IFR) examining the food used by bug Salmonella bacteria for survival during infection in Great Britain. The study reveals that glucose is the major sugar used by the bacteria in which they were immersed by...

  • Salmonella Cases Highlight Dangers of Handling Small Turtles.  // Clinical Infectious Diseases;9/1/2007, Vol. 45 Issue 5, piii 

    The article reports on the danger of handling small turtles. According to a report by the researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, exposure to small turtles could lead to several cases of salmonellosis. The report informs that turtles and other reptiles are reservoirs for...

  • Invasive salmonellosis in Malawi. Gordon, Melita A.; Graham, Stephen M. // Journal of Infection in Developing Countries;2008, Vol. 2 Issue 6, p438 

    The incidence of invasive salmonellosis has increased among children and HIV-infected adults in Malawi. This has been associated with the emergence of drug resistance in the non-typhoidal Salmonella serovars Enteritidis and Typhimurium. In contrast, S. Typhi isolates have remained fully...

  • Invasive Salmonellosis among Children Admitted to a Rural Tanzanian Hospital and a Comparison with Previous Studies. Mtove, George; Amos, Ben; Seidlein, Lorenz von; Hendriksen, Ilse; Mwambuli, Abraham; Kimera, Juma; Mallahiyo, Rajabu; Kim, Deok Ryun; Ochiai, R. Leon; Clemens, John D.; Reyburn, Hugh; Magesa, Stephen; Deen, Jacqueline L. // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p1 

    Background: The importance of invasive salmonellosis in African children is well recognized but there is inadequate information on these infections. We conducted a fever surveillance study in a Tanzanian rural hospital to estimate the case fraction of invasive salmonellosis among pediatric...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics