TITLE

Finding IEDs Before They Find You: The SMOKE System of Training for Hazardous Device Detection

AUTHOR(S)
Sharps, Matthew J.; Newborg, Elaine; Glasere, Mallory; Hayward, Bill; Scholl, Michael
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Forensic Examiner;Spring2010, Vol. 19 Issue 1, p48
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Searching for and detection of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and similar hazards has become increasingly important in law enforcement and military applications. Training for IED detection can be significantly enhanced through the use of cognitively based training to augment field training methods. The present research addressed cognitive issues in IED detection and training. Five major types of errors in search and detection were identified and characterized. A cognitively based training program was developed and provided to eliminate these errors. Two experiments were conducted. The results demonstrated that this training, termed the "SMOKE" system (after the acronym for the five error types-errors of Search, Movement, Observation, failures to Keep Searching, and errors of Evaluation), significantly improved IED search and detection. Trainees were substantially more successful in detecting a spectrum of mock hazardous devices, were faster at detecting less well hidden hazards, and were less prone to specific error types than were respondents in control comparison groups. These findings demonstrated the utility of cognitively based IED search training, to be conducted in tandem with comprehensive field training methods for the development of effective IED search and detection skills.
ACCESSION #
55070470

 

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