An Examination of the Written Expression Skills of Incarcerated Males

Shippen, Margaret E.; Patterson, DaShaunda; Dunn, Caroline; Derzis, Nicholas C.; Nelson, Cindy L.; David E. Houchins
September 2010
Journal of Correctional Education;Sep2010, Vol. 61 Issue 3, p189
Academic Journal
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the writing skills of incarcerated males and to examine differences in these skills based on age and race. All participants (n =115) were male, so gender was not analyzed. Data analysis consisted of descriptive statistics as well as a Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA). Results indicated wide variability in scores with mean grade equivalents measuring lower than ninth grade levels. Highly significant diffrences were noted based on race, with European American males scoring higher than African American males specUically in writing composition and capitalization skills. Implications of findings related to the continued need for literacy instruction of incarcerated individuals are also discussed.


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