TITLE

Culturally and socially significant activity

AUTHOR(S)
Creek, Jennifer
PUB. DATE
August 2010
SOURCE
South African Journal of Occupational Therapy;Aug2010 Supplement, Vol. 40 Issue S, p2
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Activity is a flexible treatment medium that is appropriate for use with people of all ages and all cultures. It is used by occupational therapists to maintain physical and mental health, remediate disability, encourage adaptive behaviour, meet specific therapeutic objectives and foster active involvement in the treatment process. This paper describes a literature-based study exploring the skills that occupational therapists employ when using activity as a therapeutic tool in person-centred practice. For an activity to have therapeutic potential it must meet certain criteria. It must have social and personal significance and value for the individual, fit into the context of the individual's life, provide the right degree of challenge to engage and maintain interest and be culturally appropriate. It is not enough to select an activity only for the skills it can develop or its potential for adaptation and grading. This paper argues that we must also think about the value vouchsafed to any activity within a particular culture and its potential symbolic, social and personal meanings. All these aspects of activity are embedded within a social and cultural context. The paper concludes that occupational therapy theories and techniques have global relevance, but that occupational therapy practice is essentially local because it must be tied to social and cultural norms and values.
ACCESSION #
54886567

 

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