A Hall sensor array for internal current profile constraint

Bongard, M. W.; Fonck, R. J.; Lewicki, B. T.; Redd, A. J.
October 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2010, Vol. 81 Issue 10, p10E105
Academic Journal
Measurements of the internal distribution of B in magnetically confined plasmas are required to obtain current profiles via equilibrium reconstruction with sufficient accuracy to challenge stability theory. A 16-channel linear array of InSb Hall effect sensors with 7.5 mm spatial resolution has been constructed to directly measure internal Bz(R,t) for determination of J(ψ,t) associated with edge-localized peeling mode instabilities in the Pegasus Toroidal Experiment. The diagnostic is mounted in an electrically isolated vacuum assembly which presents a slim, cylindrical profile (∼1 cm outside diameter) to the plasma using graphite as a low-Z plasma facing component. Absolute calibration of the sensors is determined via in situ cross-calibration against existing magnetic pickup coils. Present channel sensitivities are of order of 0.25 mT. Internal measurements with bandwidth of ≤25 kHz have been obtained without measurable plasma perturbation. They resolve n=1 internal magnetohydrodynamics and indicate systematic variation in J(ψ) under different stability conditions.


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