Simultaneous projection and detection system of four different frequencies for microwave imaging reflectometry in Large Helical Device

Yoshinaga, T.; Nagayama, Y.; Kuwahara, D.; Tsuchiya, H.; Yamaguchi, S.; Kogi, Y.; Tsuji-Iio, S.; Mase, A.
October 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2010, Vol. 81 Issue 10, p10D915
Academic Journal
A simultaneous projection/detection system of four different frequencies for microwave imaging reflectometry (MIR) was developed for three-dimensional observation of electron density fluctuations in the Large Helical Device (LHD). The microwave with four frequency components at 60.410, 61.808, 63.008, and 64.610 GHz is projected in a continuous-wave mode to illuminate the target LHD plasma. A two-dimensional horn-antenna mixer array (2D HMA) receives the reflected wave from the plasma as well as the wave from the local oscillator operating at 55.800 GHz. The first intermediate frequency (IF) signals at 4.610, 6.008, 7.208, and 8.810 GHz were confirmed to be obtained by downconversion of these microwaves using the 2D HMA. Each of these first IF components is filtered from each other and downconverted again for the superheterodyne detection. It was confirmed that both the amplitudes and the phases of the detected signals reflect the fluctuations in LHD plasmas.


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