High energy photocathodes for laser fusion diagnostics

Halvorson, C.; Houck, T.; Macphee, A.; Opachich, Y. P.; Lahowe, D.; Copsey, B.
October 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2010, Vol. 81 Issue 10, p10E309
Academic Journal
Laser fusion experiments at the National Ignition Facility require time-resolved x-ray images of the ignition target self-emission. The photon energies are expected to be greater than 10 keV. Photoemission quantum yield measurement data and photoelectron energy spectrum data are presently unavailable in this photon energy range, but are essential in the design of x-ray imaging diagnostics. We developed an apparatus to measure the quantum efficiency of primary and secondary photoelectron emission and to estimate the energy spectrum of the secondary photoelectrons. The apparatus has been tested using photon energies less than 10 keV to allow comparisons with prior work. A method for preparing photocathodes with geometrically enhanced photoefficiency has been developed.


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