Extended fast-ion D-alpha diagnostic on DIII-D

Muscatello, C. M.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Taussig, D.; Burrell, K. H.
October 2010
Review of Scientific Instruments;Oct2010, Vol. 81 Issue 10, p10D316
Academic Journal
A fast-ion deuterium-alpha (FIDA) diagnostic, first commissioned on DIII-D in 2005, relies on Doppler-shifted light from charge-exchange between beam neutrals and energetic ions. The second generation (2G) system was installed on DIII-D in 2009. Its most obvious improvement is the spatial coverage with 11 active in-beam and three passive off-beam views; the latter allows for simultaneous monitoring of the background signal. Providing extended coverage in fast-ion velocity space, the new views possess a more tangential component with respect to the toroidal field compared to their first generation counterparts. Each viewing chord consists of a bundle of three 1.5 mm core fibers to maximize light gathering. For greater throughput, fast f/1.8 optical components are used throughout. The signal is transmitted via fiber optics to a patch panel, so the user is able to choose the detector. FIDA was originally installed with a spectrometer and charge-coupled device (CCD) camera to monitor the full Dα spectrum for two spatial views. 2G adds another spectrometer and CCD that monitor the blue-shifted wing for six spatial views at 1 kHz. In addition, a photomultiplier tube and fast digitizer provide wavelength-integrated signals at 1 MHz for eight spatial views.


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