TITLE

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY INFLUENCE ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

AUTHOR(S)
Jovanović, Radmila; Nikolovski, Dubravka; Radulović, Olivera; Novak, Sonja
PUB. DATE
March 2010
SOURCE
Acta Medica Medianae;Mar2010, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p17
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The prevalence of excessive body weight and obesity among children is increasing in many countries, including our country. It is believed that one of the two most important reasons for this increase is insufficient physical activity of children. The aim of this study was to examine the state of the level of nourishment of preschool children in relation to their level of physical activity. The survey was conducted in preschools in Pancevo. The sample consisted of 193 children (88 boys and 105 girls), aged 4 and 5 years. The assessment of the level of nourishment of the children and their parents was done after the standard anthropometric measurements of height, body weight, determining the body mass index and waist circumference and comparing the obtained values with the growth plates given by the World Health Organization. Physical activity of the children was evaluated by a questionnaire which parents filled up. Inappropriate level of nourishment had 60 (31.1%) children, of which 26 (13.5%) with excessive body mass, obese 29 (15.0%), while 5 (2.5%) were malnourished. Children are most attracted to sports such as ballet or folk dances, ball games and swimming, but only 22 (15.83%) children are members of some sports club. The lack of finances and the lack of sports facilities and terrains are given as reasons by most parents. During the implementation of physical activities, 65.2% of children are never or sometimes exposed to excessive physical effort. The prevalence of insufficient physical activity among preschool children in Pancevo was high, particularly among children with excessive body weight and obese children. Sociodemographic and behavioral factors as well as behavior of parents significantly contributed to physical inactivity.
ACCESSION #
54710404

 

Related Articles

  • PREVAL�NCIA DE SOBREPESO E OBESIDADE EM CRIAN�AS DE 3� E 4� S�RIE DO ENSINO FUNDAMENTAL. Ribeiro, Ariovaldo de Souza; Filho, Carlos Augusto de Carvalho; da Cunha, Leandro Alves; Netto, Jos� Evaristo Silv�rio; Oishi, Leticia de Mattos; Alves, Paula Marielly Marques; Madia, Shayene de Justi Rodrigues // Colloquium Vitae;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p1 

    Currently, obesity has been the biggest health problem in the world, even more serious than undernutrition. Word Health Organization (WHO) claims that sedentary life style is the great enemy of health population. The main of this paper was to compare children from public and private schools,...

  • Simple Steps for a Healthy Ohana.  // Hawaii Medical Journal;Jul2011 Supplement, p56 

    The article offers ideas on preventing obesity in children. It recommends eating fruits, roots and vegetables, and doing one hour physical activity. Children are advised to reduce intake of sugary drinks, such as sports drinks, fruit punch and soda. Tips for families on how to promote healthy...

  • Preschoolers gain weight.  // Healthy Weight Journal;Jul/Aug98, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p51 

    Presents an analysis and comparison of a survey data for 1988-1994 which indicates an increase in the prevalence of overweight Mexican-American children ages four and five in the United States.

  • Estado nutricional en escolares chilenos según la referencia NCHS y OMS 2007. Atalah S., E.; Loaiza, S.; Taibo, M. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;ene/feb2012, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: In 2007, WHO published a new reference for assessing the nutritional status of children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 years, including body mass index (BMI) by sex and age. Objective: To compare the nutritional assessment by BMI in schoolchildren and adolescents using the actual...

  • Michigan Schools Promote Healthy Weight: The Consensus Process for Addressing Student Obesity. Petersmarck, Karen; Haller, Elizabeth; Warber, John // Healthy Weight Journal;Jul/Aug2001, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p52 

    Focuses on the initiatives of Michigan schools to address pediatric obesity. Importance of weight screening in children; Nature of social environment in relation to weight; Discussion on nutrition and physical activity environment recommendations for obesity management; Support needed by obese...

  • A big deal. Hamilton, Julie // Australian Parents;Feb/Mar2007, p66 

    The article offers a look at the prevalence of obesity in children in Australia. Childhood obesity is becoming a national health epidemic in the country. Overweight children tend to become overweight adults, which also makes them at greater risk of high blood pressure, heart disease and...

  • Outcomes in malnourished children at a tertiary hospital in Swaziland after implementation of the World Health Organization treatment guidelines. Benyera, O.; Hyera, F. L. M. // South African Journal of Child Health;Nov2013, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p135 

    Background. Swaziland adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children in 2007, with the aim of reducing high case fatality rates for childhood malnutrition. However, no follow-up studies have been conducted to determine the...

  • Body mass index percentiles for children and adolescents in Germany based on a nationally representative sample (KiGGS 2003–2006). Rosario, A. Schaffrath; Kurth, B.-M.; Stolzenberg, H.; Ellert, U.; Neuhauser, H. // European Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Apr2010, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p341 

    Objective:To present body mass index (BMI) percentiles representative for children in Germany and to compare them with the currently used percentiles by Kromeyer–Hauschild (KH) and international percentiles of the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Obesity Task Force...

  • KOMPARACE OBJEMU LOKOMOÄŒNÍCH AKTIVIT V SEGMENTECH DNE A TÝDNE U DÄšTÍ NAVÅ TÄšVUJÍCÍCH MATEŘSKÉ Å KOLY. Miklánková, Ludmila; Elfmark, Milan; Sigmund, Erik // Ceska Antropologie;2012, Vol. 62 Issue 2, p25 

    Decrease in physical activity (PA) is one of the most common causes of increasing percentage of children overweight and obesity. Requirement to improve the child‘s physical regimen therefore appears in the educational objectives and the level of elementary education in the Czech Republic....

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics