Goodridge, R. Martin
May 1975
Sociological Review;May75, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p381
Academic Journal
This article aims to point out the kind of assumptions sometimes made about the position of religion in the pre-industrial past for which historical evidence is not always readily forthcoming. These assumptions can frequently be found in the writings of sociologists, but historians are not always exempt either. One danger which historians can easily create for sociologists seems to be the characterisation of historical times through the behaviour of elite groups of the period. This is an understandable tendency as documentation on elites and their way of life has always been much more plentiful than that on groups lower on the social stratification scales. A second danger often implicit in historical writing is the characterisation of past epochs through the behaviour of geographically localised groups. This tendency may be easily explained by the fact that it is frequently easier to find documentation about one part of a country, rather than to find the same documentation for all the regions of the territory in question. One must hasten, too, to note the dangers of the reverse process, where statements are made about a society, generalising from a number of superficial cases, and where local investigation in depth might well reveal different perspectives.


Related Articles

  • Dismantling Noah's Ark. Lorber, Judith // Sex Roles;Jun86, Vol. 14 Issue 11-12, p567 

    Feminist theory and research have shown us that gender is a linchpin of social orders, but they have not seriously envisaged a social order without gender. Examination of the various bases of gender demonstrates that gender is essentially a social construction, and the relations between women...

  • MAIA: a Framework for Developing Agent-Based Social Simulations. Ghorbani, Amineh; Bots, Pieter; Dignum, Virginia; Dijkema, Gerard // Journal of Artificial Societies & Social Simulation;Mar2013, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p7 

    In this paper we introduce and motivate a conceptualization framework for agent-based social simulation, MAIA: Modelling Agent systems based on Institutional Analysis. The MAIA framework is based on Ostrom's Institutional Analysis and Development framework, and provides an extensive set of...

  • Hacia una comprensión de la realidad social desde la teoría general de hechos institucionales. Chavarriaga, John Alexander Giraldo // Revista CS;2011, Issue 8, p415 

    This paper offers a critical interpretation of the general theory of institutional facts, which intents to comprehend, on the basis of a basic regulatory structure with functions assignments, how objective social reality is constructed. We discuss problems, approaches, and theoretical methods...

  • Desglossant la transformació epistemològica: una exploració en narratives constitutives de dissidència social. Martín-i-Gómez, Albert; Pujol Tarrés, Joan // Athenea Digital (Revista de Pensamiento e Investigación Social);2013, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p103 

    This paper explores the transformations experienced by those positions of dissidence to the established social order in the context of contemporary Western societies. This research visualises the relationships, interactions and situations that facilitated or encouraged these subjective...

  • Trust as a Social Reality. Lewis, J. David; Weigert, Andrew // Social Forces;Jun85, Vol. 63 Issue 4, p967 

    Abstract Although trust is an underdeveloped concept in sociology, promising theoretical formulations are available in the recent work of Luhmann and Barber. This sociological version complements the psychological and attitudinal conceptualizations of experimental and survey researchers. Trust...

  • SOCIAL REALITY AND SOCIAL STRATIFICATION. Hiller, Peter // Sociological Review;Feb73, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p77 

    Controversy over the nature of man and society, and in particular over the ability of the perspective of the natural sciences adequately to study these phenomena, has continued unabated in the social sciences. Whatever the case, many sociologists seem to find it difficult to theorize adequately...

  • A construção do tabagismo como problema de Saúde Pública: uma confluência entre interesses políticos e processos de legitimação científica. Spink, Mary Jane Paris; Lisboa, Milena Silva; Ribeiro, Flávia Regina Guedes // Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação;abr-jun2009, Vol. 13 Issue 29, p353 

    The aim of this article is to analyze some aspects of the social construction of smoking as a Public Health problem within the context of the formulation of transnational health policies. Adopting the constructionist perspective, we start from the premise that social phenomena are collective...

  • Práticas de saúde, sentidos e significados construídos: instrumentos teóricos para sua interpretação. Soares Carvalho, Maria Cláudia da Veiga; Luz, Madel Terezinha // Interface - Comunicação, Saúde, Educação;abr-jun2009, Vol. 13 Issue 29, p313 

    This paper approaches the difficulties faced by professionals and students to interpret cultural meanings and senses constructed from health practices. The main objective is to update the theoretical instruments that are available to the interpretative analysis of this construction process. A...

  • Geschichten und Strukturen. Methodologische &Uml;berlegungen zur Narrativität. Alheit, Peter // ZQF - Zeitschrift fuer Qualitative Forschung;2007, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p75 

    Of course, stories told by people are active constructions of reality. However, they are not arbitrary, nor are the social structures which they are embedded in. More specifically, they make structures more transparent. They offer a methodological approach to the historical practice of people's...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics