Programmable organic light-emitting devices

Wu, C.-C.; Chen, C.-W.; Lin, Y.-T.; Yu, H.-L.; Hsu, J.-H.; Luh, T.-Y.
November 2001
Applied Physics Letters;11/5/2001, Vol. 79 Issue 19, p3023
Academic Journal
In this letter, we report a promising type of electrically programmable, i.e., reconfigurable, organic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) incorporating a thin carrier-blocking layer as the sacrificial fusing layer. In such devices, the carrier-blocking layer has a lower glass transition temperature than neighboring layers. By raising the internal temperature of the device above the transition temperature of the carrier-blocking layer with a large enough current, interdiffusion between organic layers could occur through such a layer. As a consequence, neighboring layers are fused and a new path for carrier transport is formed, bypassing the carrier-blocking property and altering the device characteristics. A device that emits blue light as fabricated but can be transformed into a green-emitting one is demonstrated. Such a type of device may be used for color pixels in OLED displays, user-programmable OLED applications, and nonvolatile memory devices.© 2001 American Institute of Physics.


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