Meneses, Caroline; Mário, Mariana Peretti; Marchori, Luciana Lozza de Moraes; Melo, Juliana Jandre; de Freitas, Eliane Regina Ferreira Sernache
May 2010
Revista CEFAC;2010, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p1
Academic Journal
Purpose: to estimate the prevalence of hearing loss (HL), identifying the factors associated with elderly patients in the city of Londrina - PR. Methods: cross-sectional study in a population sample with 61 individuals aged over 60 years in Londrina-Pr, 2009, through anamnesis and audiological evaluation. We used the chi-square of relative risk with 95% confidence and p-value <0.05 for univariate analysis between HL and associated factors. Results: the whole sample 87.70% had some type of hearing loss or lowering of frequencies. Out of these individuals with HL, the type of HL with greater prevalence in this age group was sensorineural HL, with 63.93% of occurrence. Out of the sample of hypertensive patients, 88.88% had HL, which is an increase of 8 chances to make the hypertensive population to have HL. From the sample of diabetics, 90% had HL, an increase of 9 chances to cause the diabetic population to show HL. Consumers of alcohol, 92.30% had HL. Thus, consumers of alcohol had 12 more chances to get HL. However, from the sample of smokers, former smokers or passive smokers with daily contact with smokers, from these individuals, 87.09% had HL, thus, an increase of 9 chances to have HL. Conclusion: the study showed that people over 60 years shows mainly sensory neural HL, and it is a progressive loss and its proportion increased with aging. Risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, alcohol consumption and smoking are factors that can predispose to HL, especially when associated with presbycusis.


Related Articles

  • Prevalence of tuberculous lesion in cattle slaughtered in Mubende district, Uganda. Nalapa, Daniel Pakasi; Muwonge, Adrian; Kankya, Clovice; Olea-Popelka, Francisco // BMC Veterinary Research;3/21/2017, Vol. 13, p1 

    Background: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of gross pathology suggestive of bovine tuberculosis (TB-like lesions) and evaluate animal's characteristics associated with the risk of having bovine TB-like lesions among cattle slaughtered in Mubende district in the Uganda...

  • Prevalence of Blood Pressure, Blood Glucose and Serum Lipids Abnormalities Among Ethiopian Immigrants: A Community-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Ghobadzadeh, Maryam; Demerath, Ellen; Tura, Yisehak // Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health;Aug2015, Vol. 17 Issue 4, p1070 

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of hypertension, glucose and blood lipid abnormalities among a community of Ethiopian immigrants in Minnesota. This cross-sectional study used data from the parish nursing program 2007-2012. A total of 673 encounters were...

  • Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease and Its Association with Risk Factors in Disadvantageous Population. Huda, Md Nurul; Alam, Kazi Shahnoor; Harun-Ur-Rashid // International Journal of Nephrology;2012, p1 

    The prevalence of kidney disease, particularly diabetic and hypertensive kidney disease is increasing rapidly specially in the disadvantageous group of population throughout the world. A cross sectional survey was carried out at certain selected slum areas of Mirpur in Dhaka city of Bangladesh...

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetes and Diabetic Retinopathy in Liaoning Province, China: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Hu, Yuedong; Teng, Weiping; Liu, Limin; Chen, Kang; Liu, Lei; Hua, Rui; Chen, Jun; Zhou, Yun; Chen, Lei // PLoS ONE;Mar2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1 

    Aim: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in northeast area of China with a population-based study. Methods: A population of 3173 (aged from 20 to 80 years old) was stratified by geographical location and age in Liaoning province, China....

  • Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Adolescent Secondary School Boys in Ahad Rufeida, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Shatoor, Abdullah S.; Mahfouz, Ahmed A.; Khan, Mohamed Y.; Daffalla, Asim A.; Mostafa, Osama; Hammad, Rafik K. // Journal of Tropical Pediatrics;Oct2011, Vol. 57 Issue 5, p382 

    A cross-sectional stratified sample of 1249 adolescent secondary school boys was studied. More than 25% of boys did not practice any physical exercise. More than half of the parents (54.5%) were consanguineous. High prevalence of parental history of hypertension, diabetes and high blood lipids...

  • Prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus. Vergara Palma, Cátia Cristina Silva Sousa; Pavesi, Marco; Nogueira, Verônica Guedes; Silva Clemente, Eliete Leão; Motta Pereira Vasconcellos, Maria de Fátima Bevilacqua; Pereira Júnior, Luiz Carlos; Pacheco, Fernanda Faissol; Braga, Tássia Gomide; Bello, Ludmila de Faria; Soares, Juliana Oliveira; Fenizola dos Santos, Stefanie Cathren; Cavalcante Campos, Vinícius Paes Leme; Gomes, Marília Brito // Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome;2013, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p1 

    Background Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid dysfunction (TD) are the two most common endocrine disorders in clinical practice. The unrecognized TD may adversely affect the metabolic control and add more risk to an already predisposing scenario for cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this...

  • OBEZITATEA ÅžI FACTORII DE RISC CARDIOVASCULAR LA PERSOANELE CU DIABET ZAHARAT TIP 2 NOU DEPISTAT. Florea, Mirela; Niţă, Cristina; Hâncu, Nicolae // Clujul Medical;Dec2011, Vol. 84 Issue 4, p556 

    Aims. To determine the prevalence of obesity and overweight among individuals with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes and to asses the impact of obesity on cardiovascular risk factors. Methods. A cross-sectional study including 968 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes between 2006 - 2008 and registered...

  • Generalised and abdominal adiposity are important risk factors for chronic disease in older people: Results from a nationally representative survey. HIRANI, V. // Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging;Jun2011, Vol. 15 Issue 6, p469 

    Objectives: To look at the trends in prevalence of generalised (body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference (WC) >102cm, men; >88cm, women) among older people from 1993 to 2008, prevalence of chronic disease by overweight/obesity and WC categories in England...

  • Cardiovascular disease and risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Mashhad, Islamic Republic of Iran. Bonakdaran, S.; Ebrahimzadeh, S.; Noghabi, S. H. // Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal;Sep2011, Vol. 17 Issue 9, p640 

    The aim of this study in 2006-08 was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of CVD in an Iranian population of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. History and physical examinations were recorded and laboratory tests were performed in 752 patients attending the Mashhad Endocrine and...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics