TITLE

The comparative effectiveness of clinic, work-site, phone, and Web-based tobacco treatment programs

AUTHOR(S)
An, Lawrence C.; Betzner, Anne; Schillo, Barbara; Luxenberg, Michael G.; Christenson, Matthew; Wendling, Ann; Saul, Jessie E.; Kavanaugh, Annette
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Oct2010, Vol. 12 Issue 10, p989
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: Tobacco treatment programs may be offered in clinical settings, at work-sites, via telephone helplines, or over the Internet. Little comparative data exist regarding the real-world effectiveness of these programs. This paper compares the reach, effectiveness, and costs of these different modes of cessation assistance. Methods: This is an observational study of cohorts of participants in Minnesota's QUITPLAN programs in 2004. Cessation assistance was provided in person at 9 treatment centers, using group counseling at 68 work-sites, via a telephone helpline, or via the Internet. The main outcomes of the study are enrollment by current smokers, self-reported 30-day abstinence, and cost per quit. Reach was calculated statewide for the helpline and Web site, regionally for the treatment centers, and for the employee population for work-site programs. Results: Enrollment was greatest for the Web site (n = 4,698), followed by the helpline (n = 2,351), treatment centers (n = 616), and work-sites (n = 479). The Web site attracted younger smokers. Smokers at treatment centers had higher levels of nicotine dependence. The helpline reached more socially disadvantaged smokers. Responder 30-day abstinence rates were higher for the helpline (29.3%), treatment centers (25.8%), and work-sites (19.6%) compared with the online program (12.5%). These differences persisted after controlling for baseline differences in participant characteristics and use of pharmacological therapy. The cost per quit was lowest for the Web site program ($291 per quit, 95% CI = $229–$372). Discussion: Treatment center, work-site, helpline, and Web site programs differ in their reach, effectiveness, and estimated cost per quit. Each program plays a part in assisting populations of tobacco users in quitting.
ACCESSION #
54294363

 

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