Adaptação e validação da Escala de Sobrecarga do Cuidador de Zarit

Sequeira, Carlos Alberto da Cruz
March 2010
Revista de Enfermagem Referência;mar2010, Issue 12, p9
Academic Journal
Study of the burden associated with taking care of dependent older people suffering from mental or physical disease should be a priority in terms of public welfare because it enables evaluation of the negative repercussions on the informal caregiver. There are different instruments to evaluate burden, of which the most used in international terms is the Zarit Burden Interview Scale. Therefore we tried to adapt and validate this instrument for the Portuguese population, centred on caregivers of dependent older people suffering from physical and/or mental illness. The scale has a multidimensional structure based on four factors: caregiving impact, personal relationship, expectations of caregiving and perception of effectiveness. Using factor analysis, we concluded that the Caregiver Burden Scale had a multidimensional structure made up of four factors (impact of giving care; interpersonal relations; expectations of care and perceptions of self-efficacy) and showed good internal consistency both globally and in terms of the different factors. Carers of dependent older people with dementia presented very high levels of burden. Because of the similarity with other studies, we concluded that the Caregiver Burden Scale is a valid and reliable instrument for use in evaluating the impact of mental or physical disease on caregivers, and therefore we recommend its use.


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