TITLE

RESEARCH. Seasonal influenza vaccination campaigns for health care personnel: systematic review

AUTHOR(S)
Lam, Po-Po; Chambers, Larry W.; Pierrynowski MacDougall, Donna M.; McCarthy, Anne E.
PUB. DATE
September 2010
SOURCE
CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;9/7/2010, Vol. 182 Issue 12, pE542
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: In Canada, vaccination coverage for seasonal influenza among health care personnel remains below 50%. The objective of this review was to determine which seasonal influenza vaccination campaign or campaign components in health care settings were significantly associated with increases in influenza vaccination among staff. Methods: We identified articles in eight electronic databases and included randomized controlled trials, controlled before-and-after studies and studies with interrupted time series designs in our review. Two reviewers independently abstracted the data and assessed the risk of biases. We calculated risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals for randomized controlled trials and controlled before-and-after studies and described interrupted time series studies. Results: We identified 99 studies evaluating influenza vaccination campaigns for health care workers, but only 12 of the studies were eligible for review. In nonhospital health care settings, including long-term care facilities, campaigns with a greater variety of components (including education or promotion, better access to vaccines, legislation or regulation and/or role models) were associated with higher risk ratios (i.e, favouring the intervention group). Within hospital settings, the results reported for various types of campaigns were mixed. Many of the criteria for assessing risk of bias were not reported. Interpretation: Campaigns involving only education or promotion resulted in minimal changes in vaccination rates. Further studies are needed to determine the appropriate components and combinations of components in influenza vaccination campaigns for health care personnel.
ACCESSION #
54110635

 

Related Articles

  • Effectiveness of seasonal influenza vaccination in healthcare workers: a systematic review.  // British Dental Journal;4/14/2012, Vol. 212 Issue 7, p329 

    For healthcare workers (HCWs) only, there is no evidence for or against annual vaccination against influenza.

  • Efficacy of Oseltamivir-Zanamivir Combination Compared to Each Monotherapy for Seasonal Influenza: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. Duval, Xavier; van der Werf, Sylvie; Blanchon, Thierry; Mosnier, Anne; Bouscambert-Duchamp, Maude; Tibi, Annick; Enouf, Vincent; Charlois-Ou, Cécile; Vincent, Corine; Andreoletti, Laurent; Tubach, Florence; Lina, Bruno; Mentré, France; Leport, Catherine // PLoS Medicine;Nov2010, Vol. 7 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: Neuraminidase inhibitors are thought to be efficacious in reducing the time to alleviation of symptoms in outpatients with seasonal influenza. The objective of this study was to compare the short-term virological efficacy of oseltamivir-zanamivir combination versus each monotherapy...

  • Long-Acting Neuraminidase Inhibitor Laninamivir Octanoate versus Oseltamivir for Treatment of Influenza: A Double-Blind, Randomized, Noninferiority Clinical Trial. Watanabe, Akira; Shan-Chwen Chang; Min Ja Kim; Daniel Wai-sing Chu; Yasuo Ohashi // Clinical Infectious Diseases;11/15/2010, Vol. 51 Issue 10, p1167 

    Background. A single administration of laninamivir octanoate, a long-acting neuraminidase inhibitor, against influenza infection has been proven effective in nonclinical studies. This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of laninamivir octanoate for the treatment of adult influenza patients....

  • DNA Priming for Seasonal Influenza Vaccine: A Phase 1b Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. Ledgerwood, Julie E.; Bellamy, Abbie R.; Belshe, Robert; Bernstein, David I.; Edupuganti, Srilatha; Patel, Shital M.; Renehan, Phyllis; Zajdowicz, Thad; Schwartz, Richard; Koup, Richard; Bailer, Robert T.; Yamshchikov, Galina V.; Enama, Mary E.; Sarwar, Uzma; Larkin, Brenda; Graham, Barney S.; null, null // PLoS ONE;May2015, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p1 

    Background: The efficacy of current influenza vaccines is limited in vulnerable populations. DNA vaccines can be produced rapidly, and may offer a potential strategy to improve vaccine immunogenicity, indicated by studies with H5 influenza DNA vaccine prime followed by inactivated vaccine...

  • Flu shot mandates rooted in flawed science?  // Hospital Infection Control & Prevention;Jan2013, Vol. 40 Issue 1, p6 

    The article discusses a report by Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy (CIDRAP). It focuses on CIPRAP's allegations that the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) (which is a part of the organization, Centers for Disease Control (CDC)) made recommendations...

  • The problem isn't just "out there," it's also "in here". Vickers, David // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;2/3/2015, Vol. 187 Issue 2, p132 

    A letter to the editor is presented concerning a harmonized national vaccination initiative in Canada that is focused on increasing vaccination coverage.

  • RCTs: How compatible are they with policy-making? Ettelt, Stefanie; Mays, Nicholas // British Journal of Healthcare Management;Aug2015, Vol. 21 Issue 8, p379 

    Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) have been promoted as a means of improving policy-making by testing new policies. While testing before full-scale roll-out is commendable, this article discusses the challenges of using RCTs in contemporary health policy-making in England. There are at least...

  • 'mandatory' vaccination for HEALTHCARE WORKERS. Dorey, Meryl // Natural Health & Vegetarian Life;Winter2007, p21 

    The article argues against mandatory vaccination for healthcare workers in Australia. Under a health policy adopted by NSW Health, anyone whose job in a hospital requires that they come into direct contact with patients will have to agree to be injected with vaccines for up to ten diseases. A...

  • Evaluation of In Vitro Cross-Reactivity to Avian H5N1 and Pandemic H1N1 2009 Influenza Following Prime Boost Regimens of Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in Healthy Human Subjects: A Randomised Trial. Bethell, Delia; Saunders, David; Jongkaewwattana, Anan; Kramyu, Jarin; Thitithayanont, Arunee; Wiboon-ut, Suwimon; Yongvanitchit, Kosol; Limsalakpetch, Amporn; Kum-Arb, Utaiwan; Uthaimongkol, Nichapat; Garcia, Jean Michel; Timmermans, Ans E.; Peiris, Malik; Thomas, Stephen; Engering, Anneke; Jarman, Richard G.; Mongkolsirichaikul, Duangrat; Mason, Carl; Khemnu, Nuanpan; Tyner, Stuart D. // PLoS ONE;Mar2013, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p1 

    Introduction: Recent studies have demonstrated that inactivated seasonal influenza vaccines (IIV) may elicit production of heterosubtypic antibodies, which can neutralize avian H5N1 virus in a small proportion of subjects. We hypothesized that prime boost regimens of live and inactivated...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics