Karacan, S.; Güzel, N. Atalay; Çolakoğlu, F. F.; Akyüz, M.; Erikoglu, G.
March 2009
Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Sci;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p52
Academic Journal
Body composition changes with exercise, with increases in skeletal muscle mass and declines in fat mass and visceral fat. On the other hand, lung function also increases with exercise. It was reported that respiratory muscle strength and lung function are closely associated with body weight and lean body mass in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (Butland et al., 1982). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of relations between body composition parameters and lung functions including VC, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/VC, FEV1/FVC after 6-months callisthenic exercise program in healthy women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 35 healthy subjects? age and height means were determined 41.69±7.69 years, 156.51±4.72 cm and voluntary women participated to this study. All subjects took 50-minutes/sessions, 3-day per week and 24-week callisthenic exercises were performed to. The intensity of the exercise was determined with 80 % of heart pulse by Karvonen method. Anthropometric and body composition (including fat mass (FM), fat free mass (FFM), and percentage body fat (%BF)) evaluated by using the skinfold methods and lung function was examined by using spirometry. Means and standard deviations of all measurements were calculated for female. 3rd and 6th months exercise periods differences were determined using One-Way ANOVA for repeated measures. Pearson correlation coefficient analyses were performed to analyze relationship between variables. There were significant decrease in body weight, body fat percentage, body fat mass and body fat free mass (p<0.01) after exercise period. Lung volume and capacity values (VC, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/VC, FEV1/FVC) were increased significantly (p<0.01, p<0.05) after 6-month exercise program. There was a significant relationship between the body fat percentage and FVC and MVV values of women negatively (p<0.05, r = -0.56, r= -0.40). Also it was found that a negative relation in the BMI and FVC and MVV of subjects (p<0.01, r = -0.43, r = -0.49). RESULTS: There was significant increase in VC, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC and MVV values of women after 24 week exercise period (p<0.01). There was significant decrease in body mass, body fat percentage, fat mass and fat free mass values of subjects after exercise. Our study showed that body composition and fat distribution were associated with lung function in women in that a general pattern of fat distribution correlated negatively with lung function. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Moderate intensity, long-term and regular aerobic exercises were effective on burning fat so it can be thought this kind of exercise caused a decrease in body weight, the percentage of body fat and body mass index (Cox et al., 2001; Guo et al., 1999). In conclusion, there were positive effects as evident on women lung volume and capacity with callisthenic exercises. This study showed that the decrease level of fat percentage and BMI would be affected the lung functions in a negative way.


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