Koç, Haluk; Curtseıt, Turchıan
March 2009
Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Sci;2009, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p44
Academic Journal
This paper provides a narrative review of recent theory, research and applications pertaining to the psychophysical effects of music in the sport and exercise domains. Generally speaking, music may improve the performance in physical activity and especially in sports by the beneficial effects it can have on some physiological (heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature) and psychological parameters (rating or perceived exertion) and even on some elements of physical performances (400 metre sprint, the grip strength, endurance capacity, anaerobic capacity). Additionally, it had been seen that the slow music and the fast one have different effects on the body?s reaction at physical exercise and the selection of the proper music constitutes the key factor in obtaining some beneficial effects. Synchronous music has been reliably shown to produce an ergogenic effect. Therefore, if athletes or exercisers work in time to music, they will likely work harder for longer. Responses to asynchronous, or background, music are less predictable and beneficial effects are less reliable, although considerable potential remains if certain principles are followed. An example is that fast, upbeat music produces a stimulative effect whereas slow, soft music produces a sedative effect. The findings lead to the possibility that the use of music during athletic performance may yield long-term benefits such as exercise adherence and heightened sports performance, through a superior quantity and quality of training.


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