TITLE

Induction of Apoptosis in Melanoma Cell Lines by p53 and its Related Proteins

AUTHOR(S)
Yamashita, Toshiharu; Tokino, Takashi; Tonoki, Hidefumi; Moriuchi, Tetsuya; Jin, Hai-Ying; Omori, Fusayuki; Jimbow, Kowichi
PUB. DATE
October 2001
SOURCE
Journal of Investigative Dermatology;Oct2001, Vol. 117 Issue 4, p914
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Melanoma cells rarely contain mutant p53 and hardly undergo apoptosis by wild-type p53. By using recombinant adenoviruses that express p53 or p53-related p51A or p73β, we tested their apoptotic activities in melanoma cells. Yeast functional assay revealed a mutation of p53 at the 258th codon (AAA [K] instead of GAA [E]) in one cell line, 70W, out of six human melanoma cell lines analyzed (SK-mel-23, SK-mel-24, SK-mel-118, TXM18, 70W, and G361). Adenovirus-mediated transfer of p53, p51A, and/or p73β suppressed growth and induced apoptotic DNA fragmentation of SK-mel-23, SK-mel-118, and 70W cells. Interestingly, p51A induced DNA fragmentation in them more significantly than p53 and p73β. By Western blotting we analyzed levels of apoptosis-related proteins in cells expressing p53 family members. Apoptotic Bax and antiapoptotic Bcl-2 were not significantly upregulated or downregulated by expression of p53, p51A, or p73β, except for p53-expressing 70W cells, which contained a larger amount of Bax protein than LacZ-expressing cells. Activation of caspase-3 was demonstrated only in p51A-expressing SK-mel-118 cells. We show here that p51A can mediate apoptosis in both wild-type and mutant p53-expressing melanoma cells more significantly than p53 and p73β. It is also suggested that in melanoma cells (i) cellular target protein(s) other than Bcl-2 and Bax might be responsible for induction of p51A-mediated apoptosis and (ii) caspase-3 is not always involved in the apoptosis by p53 family members.
ACCESSION #
5395608

 

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