Understanding Former Smokers in Canada: Examining Who They are and When, Why and How They Quit

Ismailov, Rovshan M.; Leatherdale, Scott T.
December 2009
Journal of Smoking Cessation;Dec2009, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p79
Academic Journal
Objectives: Although the benefits of smoking cessation are well established, long-term abstinence from cigarettes is difficult for many smokers to achieve. We aimed to examine quit attempts, years since quitting and factors associated with long-term abstinence among former smokers. Methods: Data were from the 2006 Canadian Tobacco Use Monitoring Survey. Descriptive analyses were performed and logistic regression models were used to examine factors associated with long-term abstinence (more than 5 years) among former smokers. Results: In 2006, over one in four Canadians (27.1%, n = 7,200,000) aged 15 and older was a former smoker. The prevalence of former smoking was higher among men (30.9%) in comparison to women (23.4%). Former smokers who quit in the past 3 years or earlier were more likely to be older as well as have children younger than 15 in the household. Logistic regression analyses revealed that older age was a significant predictor of long-term abstinence from smoking. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there are modifiable characteristics associated with long-term smoking abstinence that could be addressed by relapse prevention programming. Longitudinal data are warranted to further clarify the relationship between certain characteristic of former smokers and the duration of abstinence.


Related Articles

  • HABIT BREAKER.  // Women's Health;Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p34 

    The article focuses on a study which found that ex-smokers who start exercising after they quit are more likely to stay smoke-free. The study published in the journal "Preventive Medicine" has revealed that ex-smokers who received counseling sessions that encouraged physical activity increased...

  • Predictors of Smokeless Tobacco Abstinence. Ebbert, Jon 0.; Glover, Elbert D.; Shinozaki, Eri; Schroeder, Darrell R.; Dale, Lowell C. // American Journal of Health Behavior;Nov/Dec2008, Vol. 32 Issue 6, p735 

    Objectives To investigate predictors of tobacco abstinence among smokeless tobacco (ST) users. Methods: Logistic regression analyses assessed characteristics associated with tobacco abstinence among ST users receiving bupropion SR. Results: Older age was associated with increased tobacco...

  • Residual attraction to smoking and smoker identity following smoking cessation. Vangeli, Eleni; Stapleton, John; West, Robert // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Aug2010, Vol. 12 Issue 8, p865 

    Introduction:: Anecdotal reports suggest that some long-term ex-smokers retain a residual attraction to smoking and a “smoker identity,” although little systematic data on this exist. These are important because they may increase the likelihood of relapse. This study aimed to...

  • Teenage Smoking, Attempts to Quit, and School Performance. Te-wei Hu; Zihua Lin; Keeler, Theodore E. // American Journal of Public Health;Jun98, Vol. 88 Issue 6, p940 

    Objectives. This study examined the relationship between school performance, smoking, and quitting attempts among teenagers. Methods. A logistic regression model was used to predict the probability of being a current smoker or a former smoker. Data were derived from the 1990 California Youth...

  • Adult tobacco use practice and its correlates in eastern Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Reda, Ayalu Alex; Kotz, Daniel; Biadgilign, Sibhatu // Harm Reduction Journal;2013, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p1 

    Background There is paucity of data on the smoking habits of rural populations in developing countries. This study aimed to explore cigarette smoking practices of a rural community in Ethiopia. Methods A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 548 individuals from a random...

  • Heterogeneity in Past Year Cigarette Smoking Quit Attempts among Latinos. Gundersen, Daniel A.; Echeverria, Sandra E.; Jane Lewis, M.; Giovino, Gary A.; Ohman-Stricknd, Pamela; Delnevo, Cristine D. // Journal of Environmental & Public Health;2012, p1 

    Objective. Examine the association between English language proficiency (ELP) and immigrant generation and having made a cigarette smoking quit attempt in the past 12 months among Latinos. Examine if gender moderates the association between acculturation and quit attempts. Methods. Latino past...

  • Effectiveness of Antismoking Media Messages and Education Among Adolescents in Malaysia and Thailand: Findings From the International Tobacco Control Southeast Asia Project. Zawahir, Shukry; Omar, Maizurah; Awang, Rahmat; Yong, Hua-Hie; Borland, Ron; Sirirassamee, Buppha; Fong, Geoffrey T.; Hammond, David // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2013, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p482 

    Introduction: Finding ways to discourage adolescents from taking up smoking is important because those who begin smoking at an earlier age are more likely to become addicted and have greater difficulty in quitting. This article examined whether anti smoking messages and education could help to...

  • Gradual Reduction of Cigarette Consumption as a Cessation Strategy: Prevalence, Correlates, and Relationship With Quitting. Schauer, Gillian L.; Malarcher, Ann M.; Babb, Stephen D. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;May2015, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p530 

    Introduction: Gradually reducing cigarette consumption is an approach used to quit smoking, but has not been widely studied at a population level. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and demographic characteristics of U.S. adult smokers who tried to reduce to quit, and the...

  • Missed opportunities for brief intervention in tobacco control in primary care: patients' perspectives from primary health care settings in India. Panda, Rajmohan; Persai, Divya; Venkatesan, Sudhir // BMC Health Services Research;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1002 

    Background World Health Organization has called for tobacco cessation to be integrated into primary care. Primary Health Centres (PHC) offer opportunities for tobacco-use screening and brief cessation advice but data on such activities in developing countries such as India are limited. The aim...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics