Differential Benefits of Memory Training for Minority Older Adults in the SeniorWISE Study

McDougall, Graham J.; Becker, Heather; Pituch, Keenan; Acee, Taylor W.; Vaughan, Phillip W.; Delville, Carol L.
October 2010
Gerontologist;Oct2010, Vol. 50 Issue 5, p632
Academic Journal
Purpose: Cognitive training improves mental abilities in older adults, but the benefit to minority elders is unclear. We conducted a subgroup analysis of subjects in the SeniorWISE (Wisdom Is Simply Exploration) trial to examine this issue. Design and Methods: SeniorWISE was a Phase 3 randomized trial that enrolled 265 nondemented community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older between 2001 and 2006. Participants were randomly assigned to 12 hr of either memory or health training. Results: The sample was 79% female, 71% Caucasian, 17% Hispanic, and 12% African American. On the Rivermead Behavioural Memory Test (RBMT), 28% of the sample scored normal, 47% scored poor, and 25% impaired. Memory performance changed differently over time depending on the demographic characteristics of participants. Both Hispanics and Blacks performed better than Whites on visual memory, and Blacks performed better over time on instrumental activities of daily living. On all performance measures, lower pretest scores were associated with relatively greater improvements over time. Implications: Our analyses suggested that minority participants received differential benefits from the memory training; however, this remains speculative because the 3 ethnic groups in the sample were not equivalent in size. The question of why Black and Hispanic participants often made greater improvements needs further exploration.


Related Articles

  • Your career might help you. Investor's Business Daily // Investors Business Daily;11/25/2014, pA02 

    Your career might help you long past retirement. The Univ. of Edinburgh tested 1,066 people born in '36 and found that intellectually complex jobs like social worker, graphic designer and architect result in better memory and cognitive ability later in life. The scientists plan to test effects...

  • Predicting Memory Training Response Patterns: Results From ACTIVE. Langbaum, Jessica B. S.; Rebok, George W.; Bandeen-Roche, Karen; Carison, Michelle C. // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia;Jan2009, Vol. 64B Issue 1, p14 

    Previous research suggests that there is a great deal of variability among older adults' response to memory training. Using latent class analysis, we examined data from the memory training arm of the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly Trial (ACTIVE), a large randomized...

  • Cognitive Development across Different Age Ranges in Late Adulthood. Lima Argimon, Irani; Quarti Irigaray, Tatiana; Milnitsky Stein, Lilian // Universitas Psychologica;2014, Vol. 13 Issue 1, preceding p1 

    This study sought to assess the cognitive development of older adults in different age groups, examining subjective perception of memory, verbal fluency, orientation in time and space, memory, and attention. The sample consisted of 121 subjects randomly selected, between the ages of 60 and 95...

  • Relative Association of Processing Speed, Short-Term Memory and Sustained Attention With Task on Gait Speed: A Study of Community-Dwelling People 50 Years and Older. Killane, Isabelle; Donoghue, Orna A.; Savva, George M.; Cronin, Hilary; Kenny, Rose Anne; Reilly, Richard B. // Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical ;Nov2014, Vol. 69 Issue 11, p1407 

    Background. For single gait tasks, associations have been reported between gait speed and cognitive domains. However, few studies have evaluated if this association is altered in dual gait tasks given gait speed changes with complexity and nature of task. We evaluated relative contributions of...

  • Education May Prevent Decline In Age-Related Cognitive Function.  // RN;Feb2007, Vol. 70 Issue 2, p18 

    The article discusses research being done on the impact of cognitive training on the daily function of older people in the U.S. It references a study by S. L. Willis et al published in the "Journal of American Medical Association." The subjects were divided into groups that received training...

  • Efficacy of memory training in healthy community-dwelling older people: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Pérez, Anna; Roqué, Marta; Domènech, Sara; Monteserín, Rosa; Soriano, Núria; Blancafort, Xavier; Bosom, Maria; Vida, Cristina; Petit, Montse; Hortal, Núria; Gil, Carles; Espelt, Albert; López, Maria José; Vidal, Cristina // BMC Geriatrics;10/2/2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: There is limited evidence on the efficacy and social utility of cognitive training. To address this, we have designed a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of memory training workshops for healthy older people in terms of their short- and long-term...

  • Trends in Scores on Tests of Cognitive Ability in the Elderly U.S. Population, 1993-2000. Rodgers, Willard L.; Ofstedal, Mary Beth; Herzog, A. Regula // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia;Nov2003, Vol. 58 Issue 6, pS338 

    Objective. This study investigates cohort differences in cognitive functioning among Americans aged 70 or older in 1993, 1995, 1998, and 2000. Methods. The study draws on self-respondent data from four waves of the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old Study and the Health and...

  • Author's Reply to the Commentary. Rodgers, Willard L.; Ofstedal, Mary Beth // Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences & Socia;Nov2003, Vol. 58 Issue 6, pS348 

    Explains various aspects concerning the cognitive ability in the aged using data from the Health and Retirement Study. Differences in views on data gathering; Need for additional sensitivity analysis; Suggestions to improve cognition testing.

  • The effects of a cognitive training program on trained and untrained cognitive functions of non demented elderly and Alzheimer's patients. Tsantali, E.; Tsolaki, M.; Economides, D. // International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation;Jul2009-Jul2010, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p77 

    Cognitive training (CT) prevents or slows the progression of dementia though there are many cases that CT improves cognitive functions especially in the early first stages of the disease through practicing tasks. The aim of our study was to improve naming deficits of Alzheimer's disease (AD)...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics