Investigation of the mobility in poly(vinylidene fluoride) ferroelectric films with different structures

Kochervinskii, V. V.; Malyshkina, I. A.; Vorob'ev, D. V.; Bessonova, N. P.
September 2010
Physics of the Solid State;Sep2010, Vol. 52 Issue 9, p1976
Academic Journal
The molecular mobility in two isotropic poly(vinylidene fluoride) samples crystallized in the α phase from the melt with different crystallinities and lattice perfections has been investigated by broadband dielectric spectroscopy. It has been revealed that the local-mobility parameters are insensitive to structural features. The average relaxation times of micro-Brownian motion in the disordered phase are found to be identical in the samples under consideration, which can be associated with the localization of the mobility in the interphase layer at the crystal-amorphous phase interface. The motion in the crystal (α transition) has been described using the soliton mechanism of relaxation. It has been found that, as should be expected, the average relaxation time increases with an increase in the longitudinal crystal size; however, in this case, a strict quantitative correlation is absent. According to the small-angle X-ray scattering data, this is caused by different microstructures of interlamellar amorphous regions. It has been demonstrated that the samples with a higher degree of crystallinity are characterized by a larger difference in the electron densities of the crystalline and amorphous phases and a larger size of the amorphous layer. It has been assumed that an increase in the concentration of chemical defects in the interlamellar layers with a simultaneous increase in their length is responsible for the increased probability of attenuation of the solitary wave (conformational defect) in its passage between neighboring lamellar crystals.


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