Ability of a salivary intrinsically unstructured protein to bind different tannin targets revealed by mass spectrometry

Canon, Francis; Giuliani, Alexandre; Paté, Franck; Sarni-Manchado, Pascale
September 2010
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2010, Vol. 398 Issue 2, p815
Academic Journal
ingency is thought to result from the interaction between salivary proline-rich proteins (PRP) that belong to the intrinsically unstructured protein group (IUP), and tannins, which are phenolic compounds. IUPs have the ability to bind several and/or different targets. At the same time, tannins have different chemical features reported to contribute to the sensation of astringency. The ability of both electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry to investigate the noncovalent interaction occurring between a human salivary PRP, IB5, and a model tannin, epigallocatechin 3- O-gallate (EgCG), has been reported. Herein, we extend this method to study the effect of tannin chemical features on their interaction with IB5. We used five model tannins, epigallocatechin (EgC), epicatechin 3- O-gallate (ECG), epigallocatechin 3- O-gallate (EgCG), procyanidin dimer B2 and B2 3′- O-gallate, which cover the main tannin chemical features: presence of a gallate moiety (galloylation), the degree of polymerization, and the degree of B ring hydroxylation. We show the ability of IB5 to bind these tannins. We report differences in stoichiometries and in stability of the IB5•1 tannin complexes. These results demonstrate the main role of hydroxyl groups in these interactions and show the involvement of hydrogen bonds. Finally, these results are in line with sensory analysis, by Vidal et al. (J Sci Food Agric 83:564–573, 2003) pointing out that the chain length and the level of galloylation are the main factors affecting astringency perception. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]


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