TITLE

CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS OF TROPICAL BEEF CATTLE BREEDS (WEST AFRICAN SHORTHORN, SANGA AND ZEBU) IN GHANA

AUTHOR(S)
Teye, Gabriel A.; Sunkwa, W. K.
PUB. DATE
July 2010
SOURCE
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition & Development;Jul2010, Vol. 10 Issue 7, p2866
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In Ghana, butchering is one of the most common and lucrative jobs in villages, towns, and cities as a major source of employment and wealth creation for mostly traditional butchers. Though there is an ever changing meat processing standard internationally, butchers in Ghana on the other hand are still holding tight to their old practices and customs. Live animals are bought based on visual assessment and not by weight. Some of the butchers sell their products without weighing. There are no suitable weighing scales to determine live and carcass weights. This preliminary study was conducted using 35 animals to provide a means of a more accurate estimation of live and carcass weights of three tropical cattle beef cattle; the Zebu (Plate1), the humpless West African shorthorn (WASH) (Plate2) and the Sanga (Ghana Sanga), a crossbreed between WASH and Zebu (Plate3). Their live and carcasses weights and the weights of their major carcass components and offal were used to provide information on their carcass characteristics. The carcass components used were: empty carcass, fore-and hind-quarters and filet, internal offal (heart, liver, lungs, spleen, kidney and the rumen) and external offal (head, tail, legs and skin). In terms of live weight, the Zebu was significantly (P< 0.001) heavier (309 Kg), than the Sanga (202 Kg) and the WASH (162Kg). Consequently, the zebu had a heavier (P< 0.001) carcass weight (156kg) than the Sanga (93kg) whilst the WASH had the least carcass weight (73kg) (P< 0.001). All the major carcass components of the Zebu were significantly (P<0.001) heavier than that in the Sanga and the WASH. Correlations on all the three breeds demonstrate high positive relationships between carcass components and the live and carcass weights. In all the three breeds, the fore-quarters constituted higher percentages (average 53.7%) of the carcass weights than the hind-quarters (average 46.3%). Those carcass components (fore- and hind-quarters, head and legs), which were positively correlated to live weight could be used to predict the live weights of these animals. The offal (heart, liver and spleen), which are positively correlated to the carcass weight could also be used to estimate or predict the carcass weights. Due to their small size, the beef performance of the WASH is generally low, although the dressing percentages are similar to those of the Sanga and the Zebu.
ACCESSION #
53490594

 

Related Articles

  • Cows with mothering role. Wright, Shelley // Farmers Weekly;5/30/2003, Vol. 138 Issue 21, p44 

    Focuses on the important role of Beef Shorthorn cattle in modern beef production. Awards won by the Uppermill Beef Shorthorn herd at Stuart Durno's Tillycairn farm in Tarves; Benefits of Shorthorn cattle; Origin of the cattle.

  • Female Shorthorn champ makes 3600gns.  // Farmers Weekly;2/5/2010, Vol. 152 Issue 5, p125 

    The article reports on the sale of Beef Shorthorn females at Stirling, Scotland on February 1, 2010 wherein the top call was 3600 guineas (gns) for Lowther Melody Maker, the pre-sale champion from Charles Lowther, which sold to Doldy Farms in Blairgowrie, Perthshire.

  • A single generation can alter a carcass. Gillespie, Jen; Suther, Steve // Wisconsin Agriculturist;Feb2012, Vol. 243 Issue 2, pBP6 

    The article reports on the early result of a demonstration project called Southern Carcass Improvement Project which claimed that a single generation of high-quality Angus genetics can alter the carcass performance when mated to Brahman-crossed cattle.

  • LA RAZA BLONDE D' AQUITAINE PARA EL MEJORAMIENTO DE LA PRODUCCIÓN CÁRNICA EN EL PERÚ. Gamarra Lazo, Giselle // Agro Enfoque;jul2013, Vol. 28 Issue 189, p60 

    No abstract available.

  • 4 Quick Tips for Shortening Your Beef Herd's Breeding Season.  // Beef Expert Blog;4/ 7/2014, p2 

    The article offers tips for beef producers to shortening the breeding season of their beef herd, including keeping back replacement heifer and rebuilding their herd numbers, accurately timed vaccinations, and tightening the season.

  • Demand is limited for Whitebred Shorthorn bulls. Hunt, Jeremy // Farmers Weekly;3/3/2006, Vol. 144 Issue 9, p144 

    The article focuses on the spring sale of pedigree Galloway and Whitebred Shorthorn cattle that was held at Carlisle, England in 2006. The well-known Parton herd run by Messrs Hewson at Burgh-by-Sands on the coast west of Carlisle produced Parton Legacy to take the championship and realize the...

  • Top trade sees Perth bulls off to flying start. Powell, Claire; Garner, James // Farmers Weekly;2/7/2003, Vol. 138 Issue 6, p29 

    Reports on the sale of Aberdeen Angus and Beef Shorthorn in Great Britain in February 2003. Price of Aberdeen Angus; Reaction of officials of both the Angus and Shorthorn breed to the trade.

  • Good trade for Beef Shorthorns. Garner, James; Hunt, Jeremy // Farmers Weekly;6/6/2003, Vol. 138 Issue 22, p33 

    Focuses on the auction sale of shorthorn cattle in England in June 2003. Information on cattle entry presented by beef shorthorn breeders at the auction; Prices of the cattle.

  • Beef Shorthorns set a £4560 record average.  // Farmers Weekly;2/5/2010, Vol. 152 Issue 5, p127 

    The article reports on the strong demand from pedigree and commercial buyers for Beef Shorthorn bulls for sale at Stirling, Scotland in February 2010, with a new sale record average of 4,560 British pounds for 39 bulls sold. Pode Hole Beefeater, the pre-sale junior champion from Charles, Sally...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics