TITLE

Response surface optimization for determination of pesticide residues in grapes using MSPD and GC-MS: assessment of global uncertainty

AUTHOR(S)
Sanz-Asensio, J.; Martínez-Soria, M.; Lagunas-Allué, L.
PUB. DATE
October 2010
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Oct2010, Vol. 398 Issue 3, p1509
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In this work, a simple and low-cost method based on matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) and gas chromatography to determine eight multi-class pesticides such as vinclozolin, dichlofluanid, penconazol, captan, quinoxyfen, fluquinconazol, boscalid, and pyraclostrobin in grapes is described. Fungicide residues were identified and quantified using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry in selected ion monitoring mode (GC-MS, SIM). The experimental variables that affect the MSPD method, such as the amount of solid phase, solvent nature and elution volume were optimized using an experimental design. The best results were obtained using 0.5 g of grapes, 1.0 g of silica as clean-up sorbent, 1.50 g of C as bonded phase and 10 mL of dichloromethane/ethyl acetate (1:1, v/ v) as eluting solvent. Significant matrix effects observed for most of the pesticides tested were eliminated using matrix-matched standards. The pesticide recoveries in grapes samples were better than 80% except for captan. Intra-laboratory precision in terms of Horwitz ratio of the pesticides evaluated was below 0.5, suggesting ruggedness of the method. The quantification limits of the pesticides were in the range of 3.4–8.7 μg kg, which were lower than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) of the pesticides in grapes samples established by the European legislation. Decision limits (CC α) and detection capability (CC β) have been calculated. The expanded uncertainties at two levels of concentration were <20% for all analytes.
ACCESSION #
53476304

 

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